QuickLinks - Domain names
Issue no. 246 - 29 September 2002
- UK - Thus mulls legal action over Nominet's 'Whois' service
Thus, the owner of UK ISP Demon, is considering taking legal action against Nominet following a change in the domain name registry's policies. Nominet UK - which administers .uk domain names - is revising its policy on the publication of details for UK registrants via its 'Whois' directory. From 1 October, Nominet will publish the contact addresses of all registrants that it deems to be "trading" or "businesses". These registrants will not be given an option to opt-out of the directory.
- US - ICANN MOU Amendment
The Commerce Department is extending for one year its Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The current MOU is set to expire on September 30. The Department's agreement to extend the MOU comes at the end of a thorough examination of ICANN's performance of the transition responsibilities to date, as well as of ICANN's ongoing reform efforts. see also Commerce Department's accompanying statement.
Issue no. 245 - 15 September 2002
- ICANN - Dot-Org Selection Process Criticized
The Internet Society (ISOC) has assumed a commanding lead in the competition to control the "dot-org" Internet domain after winning a key endorsement from staff at the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Competitors have criticised the recommendation from ICANN staff.
- US - Dot-Kid Tussle in Congress
The manager of the United States' Internet domain asked Congress not to interfere with its efforts to set up a kid-friendly zone free of violence, pornography and other adult material. The Senate should not pass a law requiring NeuStar to set up a "dot-kids.us" domain because it would disrupt the company's own efforts to set up the domain in a commercially viable manner, a NeuStar official said. see also Letter on .kids.us (CDT). Congressionally mandated creation of a kids.us domain would set a dangerous precedent for regulation of the domain name space. In addition it would create new concerns about free expression online and would be ineffective in protecting children from inappropriate content. To make kids.us effective for parents, the site must be aggressively maintained and monitored. The kind of enforcement necessary to make the site safe for children would be expensive and difficult, and that money would be better spent educating children and parents how to be safe when using the Web and about the tools already available to filter inappropriate content.
- US - kids.us - consultation on policy document
NeuStar seeks the guidance of community members, experts, and interested parties to formulate content guidelines and restrictions for the kids.us domain. We seek public input on our first discussion draft of content guidelines and requirements of this special domain. We invite all interested parties to comment on this paper at
KidsDomainComments@NeuStar.us through October 11, 2002. see also Rules set for kid-friendly Web domain (Reuters). Sex, violence and the "seven dirty words" prohibited by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission would be banned from a children's Internet domain, according to preliminary guidelines released by the domain manager. NeuStar, which plans to set up the kid-friendly Internet zone, said it would rely on existing guidelines for television and advertising to determine what material would be appropriate for the ".kids.us" domain.
- US will renew ICANN's authority
The U.S. government will renew ICANN's authority to manage the Internet's global addressing system, Commerce Department Undersecretary Nancy Victory told reporters.
Issue no. 244 - 7 September 2002
- ES - La Fiscalía solicita que se suspendan los dominios en Internet de Batasuna
El teniente fiscal de la Audiencia Nacional solicitó al Juzgado Central de Instrucción número 5 de la Audiencia Nacional, del que es titular Baltasar Garzón, que se aplique la parte dispositiva del auto del juez Garzón referida a la neutralización de los sitios web del complejo Batasuna, como parte del proceso de ilegalización de la formación radical. Para ello, requiere que se curse una petición a la Corporación de Internet para la Designación de Nombre y Números (ICANN) que suspenda los dominios 'www.batasuna.org', 'www.euskal-herritarrok.org', y 'www.batasuna-barakaldo.org' (la única radicada en España). Del mismo modo, el Ministerio Público solicita al juez que inste a este organismo a que extraiga "Batasuna", "Euskal-Herritarrok" y "Herri-Batasuna" como palabras registrables en Internet.
- EU - Ausschreibung für Europa-Domain: 16 Seiten Kleingedrucktes
Nach vielen Verzögerungen und insgesamt fast drei Jahren Beratungszeit hat heute die EU-Kommission endlich den Registry-Betrieb für die geplante Europa-Top-LevelDomain ausgeschrieben
- EU - Call for expressions of interest for the selection of the .EU tld registry
Official Journal of the European Communities C 208 of 3.9.2002. Interested parties have until 25 October 2002 to reply (deadline). see also The creation of a ".eu" Top Level Domain (Europa)
- ICANN - VeriSign may lose dibs on domain sales
The Internet's governing body has threatened to pull VeriSign's contract to sell Web addresses unless the domain name company maintains more accurate records of its customers. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) accused VeriSign of breaching its contract because it failed to correct inaccurate customer information in a timely fashion.
Issue no. 242 - 30 July 2002
- US - Court orders ICANN to open books
A California judge has ordered the Internet's governing body to open its books for inspection. A state judge in Los Angeles lifted the veil of secrecy that has surrounded many of the group's internal deliberations for the last four years, dealing an embarrassing setback to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Superior Court Judge Dzintra Janavs said that ICANN board members could not be denied their right under California law to review financial records, travel logs, legal contracts and other internal documents. "ICANN respectfully disagrees (with the judge) and will consider whether to appeal this decision upon review of the court's written judgment, which will be issued next week," ICANN said in a statement. see also Auerbach Wins, Court Criticizes ICANN (icann.Blog )
- US - Cybersquatter must shut anti-abortion sites
A federal judge has ordered a man to shut down anti-abortion Web sites with domain names confusingly similar to the trademarked names of some of the nation's best known companies. U.S. District Judge Ann D. Montgomery issued a temporary restraining order against William S. Purdy Sr. on behalf of McDonald's Corp., PepsiCo Inc., Coca-Cola Co., The Washington Post Co. and Washingtonpost.newsweekInteractive Co.
Issue no. 241 - 24 July 2002
- NTT DoCoMo 'hijacked' AT&T domain
In a decision by the World Intellectual Property Organization's Arbitration Center, Japanese telecoms giant NTT DoCoMo have been found guilty of reverse domain name hijacking, or bringing a formal domain name complaint in bad faith. Such findings are relatively rare under domain dispute policies and it is all the more surprising in this case where the registrant of the domain name was none other than another telecoms giant - AT&T.
- Survey of Usage of the .BIZ TLD
(Harvard Law School)
by Jonathan Zittrain and Benjamin Edelman, Berkman Center for Internet & Society. The authors examined a variety of data about registrations in .BIZ. At least 74% of currently registered .BIZ domains provide no web content or provide only error messages or placeholders. Approximately 25% of .BIZ registrations are registered to the same organization that registered the corresponding .COM, and that such domains are about one-third less likely to provide substantive web content than domains registered by someone without a corresponding .COM registration. We document 4886 distinct .BIZ domains seemingly inconsistent with .BIZ registry anti-warehousing policies, suggesting that such policies are not being effectively enforced. Finally, we compare .BIZ registrar market shares with corresponding shares in .COM, .NET, and .ORG, and we summarize notable differences in registrar market share across TLDs.
- UK - Charity websites 'hijacked by porn'
British charities claim they are being targeted by internet pornographers who re-route their web visitors to sex sites. Surfers trying to visit the British Heart Foundation and National Deaf Children's Society websites have found themselves suddenly connected to pages of sexual images.
Issue no. 240 - 14 July 2002
- It's time for ICANN to go
John Gilmore, original "cypherpunk" and all-around Internet supergeek, explains why the organization that runs the Internet is broken
- S - Stockholm fears Web porn label
City officials in Stockholm fear the Swedish capital is about to have its name associated with a pornographic Web site. The city has tried unsuccessfully for 10 years to acquire the domain name -- www.stockholm.com -- initially held by an individual in Florida, information technology department head Kjell Bergefall said.
Issue no. 239 - 30 June 2002
- ICANN - In Fights Over .Com Names, Trademark Owners Usually Win
(New York Times)
Researchers analyzing an arbitration system set up to resolve disputes over Internet addresses have found that decisions made through the system have substantially broadened the rights of trademark holders in cyberspace. The study represents one of the first attempts to examine the circumstances and outcome of more than 3,800 disputes handled by online arbitration procedures established in 1999 by the private corporation that manages the Internet's address system. See ICANN - The UDRP Tracking Project (Syracuse University's Convergence Center and the University of Massachusetts' Center for Information Technology and Dispute Resolution).
- ICANN - Internet Governance Group Approves Massive Reform Plan
The body that manages the Internet's addressing system will scrap its existing governance structure and replace it with an entirely new regime. Meeting in Bucharest, Romania, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) board voted 18-0 to approve a reform plan unveiled earlier. The board made no changes to its internally developed proposal. see ICANN: A Blueprint for Reform This Blueprint summarizes the recommendations of the Evolution and Reform Committee (ERC) to the ICANN Board of Directors.
- ICANN - The end of the revolution
"Ruling the Root" documents the sorry tale of how the Internet was brought to heel. In the annals of the Internet, few topics seem as boring, arcane and inscrutable as the domain name system. Yet, in Milton L. Mueller's hands, the story of how the Net came to be administered is riveting, illuminating, depressing and enraging. In effortless, lucid prose Mueller documents and explains precisely how "Internet governance" has evolved from the enlightened despotism of a technological elite into a tool of special interests intent on protecting and expanding the control of intellectual property online.
- ICANN pledges to fight cybersquatters
ICANN, or the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, said at its quarterly meeting that it was close to adopting a new system to give owners of domain names extra time to renew their contracts and to establish a waiting list for coveted domains that become newly available to the public.
Issue no. 238 - 22 June 2002
Issue no. 237 - 16 June 2002
- ICANN - ccTLD Requirements for International Coordination of the Domain Name System
CENTR's response to the Lynn Proposal for ICANN Reform
- ICANN - The End Of Domain Name Self-Regulation
(Globe and Mail)
Michael Geist argues that the ICANN was never about an experiment in global democracy but rather an experiment in self-regulation. ICANN's failure to facilitate meaningful public participation and accountability has led the return of government with the U.S., E.U., and United Nations all arguing for greater government involvement in recent weeks. see also ICANN attorney replies to Michael Geist. (politechbot.com)
- UK - Privacy worries fuel domain name concerns
Nominet, which runs the .uk domain, is planning to expand the information returned by its database to include the name and address of a domain owner. Before now Nominet's database has only returned basic information about an owner such as their name, when the name was registered and the servers hosting it. Nominet says the change is needed to bring it in line with other registries and to make it easier to contact and identify domain holders in the event of disputes. But the proposed changes have worried some people who fear that the change could erode their personal privacy.
Issue no. 236 - 8 June 2002
- Cloning ICANN
Single root, multiple ICANNs? That's the latest proposal from David Johnson and Susan Crawford, entitled "ICANN 3.0". (It's innovative, it's market driven, it follows the Internet fashion of skipping version numbers....)
- Many Dot-Name Domains Break The Rules - Study
Thousands of recently registered "dot-name" domains violate regulations governing the new Web addresses, according to a study by Ben Edelman, a technology analyst for Harvard's Berkman Center For Internet & Society. see also reply from the registrar GNR.
- Panel recommends ICANN overhaul
A committee set up by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has recommended that the group retool its internal structure and change how corporate directors are chosen, but rejected a proposal to bring governments on board. ICANN - Recommendations for the Evolution and Reform of ICANN (Committee on ICANN Evolution and Reform). see also Overhaul of Net body ahead? (CNN). International management of the Internet and ICANN reform (Consilium) .
- Second Land Rush Begins For 'Hot' Dot-Info Domains
Domain registry Afilias has signaled the start of another rush for what could be - literally - some of the hottest domain names still available within the new dot-info domain space. Approximately 17,000 second-hand domains unveiled for a form of pre-booking are apparently so attractive that their previous registrants had been willing to lie and cheat to get them when dot-info went live last year.
- US - NeuStar Voices Concerns Over 'Dot-Kids' Bill
A congressional effort to cordon off a safe online "playground" for young children may be enjoying broad bipartisan support, but the Washington-based company that would be charged with operating that playground says the proposal is fraught with problems. See also House OKs kid-friendly Internet bill (MSNBC)
- ZA - South Africa plans raid on ICANN domain
South Africa's parliament gave initial approval to a law designed to expand access to the Internet, but critics say it could force the network to shut down in the country. The Electronic Communication and Transactions Bill adopted by the National Assembly gives legal status to Internet communications, contracts and trades. But it also proposes to take over the administration of South African Internet domains, identified by the .za suffix in addresses, without seeking the approval of ICANN
- Critics Say ICANN Should Compete For Net Governance Duties
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) should be forced to compete for the right to continue managing the Internet's global addressing system, a group of influential public interest groups said. The American Civil Liberties Union, Consumers Union, Consumer Federation of America, Electronic Privacy Information Center and Electronic Frontier Foundation all signed onto the letter, which was organized by the Washington-based Media Access Project.
Issue no. 235 - 20 May 2002
- DE - Denic darf ENUM-Versuch starten
Die International Telecommunication Union (ITU) hat die vom .de-Domainverwalter Denic beantragte Versuchsgenehmigung für die ENUM-Adresszone 9.4.e164.arpa in Aussicht gestellt. Das ITU-Büro Technische Standardisierung (TSB) bestätigte, dass die notwendige Genehmigung vom Bundeswirtschaftsministerium vorliege.
- INTA releases responses to studies critical of ICANN’S UDRP
The International Trademark Association (INTA) has released responses to two studies that are critical of the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) by Milton Mueller, and by Michael Geist. see also responses by Geist and Mueller.
- UK - ICANN and the management of the Internet domain name system
Government consultation. Comments should be received by Friday 14 June 2002. We have taken no view on the issues yet but come at the debate from the stand point of believing that a co-regulatory approach - where the Government sets the overall public policy objectives but where implementation is left to the private sector - is most appropriate.
- US - Congress May Criminalize Provision of False Web Information
by Eric J. Sinrod. Fed up with rampant fraud and deceit on the Internet, Congressional Representatives Howard Coble, R-N.C., and Howard Berman, D-Calif., have submitted a draft bill for consideration in the House of Representatives that would "provide criminal penalties for providing false information in registering a domain name on the Internet."
- US - If they build domain, will kids come?
To keep youngsters away from porn and other online dangers, some child-safety advocates want to create a children's zone populated only by Web sites deemed safe.
Issue no. 234 - 11 May 2002
Issue no. 233 - 4 May 2002
Issue no. 232 - 28 April 2002
- ENUM - Listing again
ENUM, a way of turning telephone numbers into Internet addresses by converting the numbers into domain names ending in .arpa is proving controversial.
- ICANN Seeks Out Dot-Org Operator
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) put out a request for proposals from organizations and companies interested in operating dot-org. see Schedule and Fee for .org Request for Proposals.
- Research - 4525 different domains that lead to a single porn site
Contributed by Ben Edelman. In casual web surfing, many Internet users have stumbled into a seemingly-innocuous domain name that oddly presented a screen full of sexually-explicit images. 4525 distinct domains that each lead to the Tina's Webcam site. These domains were previously registered by others who seem to have let the domains expire, whether through forgetfulness, confusion, or lack of interest. Complete listing & analysis.
Issue no. 231 - 14 April 2002
- Cybersquatting: The OECD's Experience
This report summarises the problem recently met by the OECD wit regard to the cybersquatting of the ocde.org domain name, an identifies the general policy issues arising from this experience and the with registrar practices and the 'WHOIS' system
- Did ICANN Take Sides in Dispute?
(BNA Internet Law News)
An interesting dispute is brewing over the cnnews.com case, in which a Virginia court ordered the transfer of the domain using the in rem provisions of the ACPA. With the registrar located in China, the Virginia court acknowledged it could not create a binding order in China. Although CNN took no steps to enforce the judgement in China, ICANN apparently stepped in at their request, forwarding a request to the Chinese registrar asking that it "fulfill its responsibilities."
- Gouvernance de l'internet : quelle légitimité pour l'ICANN ?
Par Pascal Fortin. Texte d'une communication dans le cadre d'une journée d'étude sur « L'internationalisation de la communication » organisée par la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme de l'Université Paris-Nord. Titre original de la communication : « L'ICANN au prisme de la gouvernance »
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