QuickLinks - Domain names
QuickLinks - Domain names
Issue no. 318 - 5 September 2004
- ICANN - Evaluation of the new gTLDs
Comprehensive Evaluation of the Introduction of the .aero, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name and .pro gTLDs. The experiences and lessons learned from the initial introduction of new gTLDs (.aero, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name and .pro) will provide an invaluable foundation for ICANN's development this year of a new predictable strategy for selecting new TLDs using straightforward, transparent, and objective procedures that preserve the stability of the Internet. Evaluation of the New gTLDs: Policy and Legal Issues Prepared for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) by Summit Strategies International.
- Who 'manages' the Internet?
These slides present a general overview of the current organizational structure and decision making related to the international Internet infrastructure. The author also indicates that Internet stability should become top concern internationally and identifies key areas where global coordination is needed. Presentation made by Michael R. Nelson, Vicepresident of Public Policy of the Internet Society, at INET 2004 (May 10 - 14, 2004, Barcelona, Spain). 25 slides. "
Issue no. 317 - 22 August 2004
- Mexican tourist board foiled in hijack of Mexico.com
Mexico's tourist board has lost its attempt to seize control of the domain name Mexico.com from a telecoms company. Finding that the name was being used legitimately, an arbitration panel rebuked the tourist board for attempting to hijack the name.
- US - Penguin backs down on Katie.com
Penguin Putnam's decision to rename one of its best-selling books could mean that one of the Net's oddest domain name battles may be drawing to a close. The dispute is odd because it is not over ownership of a domain name, but about its use as a book title. Penguin published a book by Katie Tarbox, in which she writes about how she was molested by a paedophile who she met online while he was posing as a teenage boy. Penguin decided to call the book Katie.com despite the fact that the domain itself had already been registered and belonged to Katie Jones. It says this was an oversight, and that the domain was brought to its attention after publishing. Jones' efforts to have the name of the book changed were unsuccessful, until last week, when Penguin Putnam announced that it is to rename Katie.com A Girl's Life Online.
Issue no. 316 - 1 August 2004
- DE - Wirtschaftsministerium an Netzverwaltung: Wir sind das Volk
Das Dreiecksverhältnis zwischen Regierungen, den Verwaltern der nationalen Länderdomains (ccTLD) und der Internet- sowie DNS-Verwaltung ICANN sorgt einmal mehr für Diskussionen. Beim Treffen in Kuala Lumpur konnte sich ICANNs Regierungsbeirat (GAC) noch nicht auf eine Aktualisierung der Prinzipien für die Delegierung und Administration der Länderdomains einigen. Angeheizt wurde die Debatte durch ein Papier, das der GAC-Vertreter des deutschen Wirtschaftsministeriums, Michael Leibrandt, vorlegte. Darin wird eine deutlichere Betonung der Rolle der Regierungen gefordert.
- ICANN - The Internet - cheap at twice the price
he Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has just finished its bi-annual five-day meeting in Kuala Lumpur and it's feeling pretty good about itself.What in retrospect may be seen as the organisation's most vital period has gone off without hardly a hitch. Its head, Dr Paul Twomey was already calling the 'best ever' ICANN meeting at the Friday close press conference. ICANN meetings have always promised thunder and lightning yet provided sparks, but there was a big difference this time that everyone had noticed - it had actually achieved something.
Issue no. 315 - 18 July 2004
- CDT Releases Report on ICANN and Internet Governance
CDT has released a report calling for continued reform at the Internet Corporation on Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The report calls on ICANN to focus on its limited mission and bottom-up, consensus-based approach, which remains the best model for managing core Internet naming and numbering functions. ICANN is meeting July 19-23 in Kuala Lumpur.
- ICANNot Pay Those Dues
Seventy-five registrars from around the world have banded together to protest the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Number's (ICANN) proposed 2004-2005 budget, which significantly raises the yearly fee for registrars regardless of size.
- OECD / ICANN - Debate over auctions for Internet addresses
(International Herald Tribune)
Some academics who closely monitor Icann have been pushing for auctions as a fairer way to determine who should control so-called generic top level domains like .com or .net that help users find their way around the Internet. A report from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has given its endorsement for auctions.
Issue no. 313 - 13 June 2004
- Why ICANN('t) pay the bill
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, a group that has had its fair share of problems, has yet another: The 'Net coordination body wants more money - and more power - but one of its largest partners, the Council of European National Top Level Domain Registries, isn't willing to play ball. In May, ICANN proposed a budget of $15.8 million for next year - nearly double its current annual expenditure. The request irked Kane so much that he responded on May 26 with a dismissive three-page letter to ICANN head Paul Twomey. His message was unmistakably clear: CENTR members refuse to pay a cent more.
Issue no. 312 - 6 June 2004
- FR - La domaine ".fr" est en pleine mutation
(Droit et Nouvelles Technologies)
par Thibault Verbiest. Le système de gestion des noms de domaine de la zone .fr va bientôt connaître sa première grande métamorphose. Celle-ci prendra deux formes : d´une part un assouplissement progressif, mais à terme radical, des conditions d´enregistrement des noms de domaine en .fr, et d´autre part, la suppression du monopole de l´AFNIC au lendemain de l´adoption de la loi pour la confiance dans l´économie numérique (LEN).
Issue no. 311 - 31 May 2004
- Dot-travel? Dot-xxx? - New Internet domains weighed
A new batch of proposed Internet domains could make it easier to fight spam and filter out smut, but the head of the regulatory body that will usher them sees even broader possibilities. Independent evaluators will assess a variety of factors, from the perceived need the domain will fill to whether sponsoring organizations have the technical ability to run a registry that could contain millions of names.
- W3C - New top level domains considered harmful
by Tim Berners-Lee. In 2004 there were proposals to create new top-level domains which included .mobi and .xxx. There are major problems with these proposals. There are costs in general to creating any new top level domain. There are specific ways in which the '.mobi' breaks the Web architecture of links, and attacks the universality of the Web. At their 14 May 2004 face-to-face meeting, the W3C Technical Advisory Group resolved to support this document.
Issue no. 309 - 9 May 2004
- .eu - A virtual identity
(International Herald Tribune)
The European Commission approved the policy regulations to make it possible for the EU to have its own top-level domain, or address level. That means that the Internet addresses of its residents, governments and the companies that do business here can be identified as www.name.eu, rather than www.name.co.uk, or even www.name.com. For businesses, the unifying address is a breakthrough. Since companies with any kind of EU business will be able to qualify for a dot-eu domain name, watch for a flood of commercial adoptions.
- EU - Public policy rules for the .eu Top Level Domain
Commission Regulation (EC) No 874/2004 of 28 April 2004 laying down public policy rules concerning the implementation and functions of the .eu Top Level Domain and the principles governing registration.
Issue no. 308 - 2 May 2004
- EC tells Europe and ICANN to make peace
Erkki Liikanen, the EC member responsible for the Internet, among other things, gave a recent speech titled 'Internet governance: The way ahead' and fired warning shots across the bows of both the American Internet overseeing organisation - Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) - and the top-level domain owners of European countries. In it, Liikanen gave a careful rundown of where the EC stands in relation to Internet governance. And it is this: ICANN was set up to do the job of running the Internet and it will stand by it, despite the mistakes, and so long as it continues to make changes. In the meantime, the companies from different European country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) are going to have to come to agreement with ICANN or the EC will lose patience and governments will step in, and that role will most likely come from a very eager and prepared International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Internet governance the way ahead (RAPID) Comments by Mr Erkki Liikanen, Member of the European Commission responsible for Enterprise and the Information Society, SIDN event. The Hague, 15 April 2004.
Issue no. 306 - 3 April 2004
- UN Global Forum on Internet Governance
More than 200 leaders from government, business and civil society attended the Global Forum on Internet Governance, held on 25 and 26 March 2004 and organized by the United Nations Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Task Force. The forum, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York, was intended, according to a UN press release, 'to contribute to worldwide consultations to prepare the ground to a future Working Group on Internet Governance to be established by Secretary-General Kofi Annan, which is to report to the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (Tunis, 2005)'.
Issue no. 305 - 28 March 2004
- ICANN - New domains '.mobi' and '.xxx' under consideration
Ten organizations submitted applications to ICANN to sponsor new Internet domains, including ".mobi" for mobile services and ".xxx" for adult content. Each organization paid $45,000 to apply for suffixes that are to be set aside for specific industries and interest groups. The deadline for applications was Tuesday. Public comments on the applications will be accepted from April 1 through April 30, according to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.
- ICANN - The battle over triple 'x'
by Declan McCullagh. By the end of this year, Internet users could have an extraordinarily convenient place to find pornography: a new .xxx top-level domain.
Issue no. 304 - 21 March 2004
- ICANN - External forces chip away at Internet’s overseer
After years of criticism, Icann - the organization spun off by the U.S. government to oversee the smooth flow of the world’s dot-com addressing system - is still trying to prove that it has the world’s interests at heart.
- ITU Workshop on Internet Governance
The archived audiocast of the ITU Workshop on Internet Governance as well as all the presentations and contributions to the workshop are available on the ITU website. For ease of access, the agenda page has the bios of the speakers and their contributions as well as the audiocast of each session.
- Mobile phone giants unite in search for domain name
A new internet domain name for web surfers using mobile phones and other hand-held gadgets is being sought by some of the biggest names in the technology and telecoms industries.Microsoft has joined forces with Nokia, Vodafone, Samsung and Sun Microsystems in seeking a new so-called 'top level domain name' to identify websites designed specifically for use on mobile devices. Following the use of top level domain names such as dot.com, dot.gov and dot.org, the new mobile domain name is expected to be dot.mob or something similar to help mobile internet users search for web pages that will be formatted for mobile phone screens.
Issue no. 303 - 29 February 2004
- UK - Verisign sues net oversight body
Domain name giant Verisign is suing the body that oversees the net, claiming it had no authority to stop it from offering its site finder service. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann) shut down the controversial service in 2003. The site offered alternatives to web users who mistyped net addresses.
- US - Firms Ignore Kids-Only Internet Domain
A little more than 1,500 people have plunked down $100 to $160 to buy a dot-kids address since the addresses went on sale last June, but only eight are attached to live Web sites. Twelve sites have been submitted for a mandatory content review. To date there are no dot-kids Web sites dedicated to soccer, dinosaurs, cartoons or other topics dear to kids' hearts.
Issue no. 302 - 15 February 2004
- RFC - .sex Considered Dangerous
Request for Comments 3675 by Donald E. Eastlake 3rd of Motorola Laboratories with input from Declan McCullagh. Periodically there are proposals to mandate the use of a special top level name or an IP address bit to flag "adult" or "unsafe" material or the like. This document explains why this is an ill considered idea from the legal, philosophical, and particularly, the technical points of view.
Issue no. 301 - 8 February 2004
- Boy swaps MikeRoweSoft for Xbox
A Canadian teenager whose website annoyed Bill Gates' lawyers is giving it up in exchange for Microsoft goodies, including an Xbox console.
- US - The Small, But Limitless World of .kids.us
by Erica Wass. Congress and the President of the United States believed so much in the idea that the Internet needed a 'safe zone' for children that they passed a law designating such a space. One year after its passage I sought to examine the development of the .kids.us name space. I found an initiative that has yet to live up to its potential, but has a limitless, albeit difficult future ahead.
- US - Failure to Renew Domain Disrupts E-Mail at Post
E-mail communication to and from The Washington Post was disrupted after its washpost.com Internet address was shut down because the company failed to renew its $35 annual registration. The outage did not affect the ability of readers around the world to read the Post's news Web site, which resides at a separate "domain," washingtonpost.com.
Issue no. 300 - 1 February 2004
- EU - Schwere Geburt: kompliziertes Start-Verfahren für .eu
10 Euro soll sie für EU-Bürger und Unternehmen kosten, sie ist auch mit registrierfähigen Second-Level-Domains verfügbar (etwa wie in Großbritannien mit .co.uk) und sie wird mit einer komplizierten Vorläufer-Phase Anfang nächsten Jahres eingeläutet: die erste per Verordnung eingeführte Domain .eu. Der Direktor der designierten Registry EUrid, Marc van Wesemael, hat aber die Erwartungen an einen Start noch in diesem Jahr wieder gedämpft.
Issue no. 299 - 24 January 2004
- Microsoft: We took MikeRoweSoft too seriously
Microsoft says it may have overaggressive in threatening Web entrepreneur Mike Rowe over the name of his Web site, Mikerowesoft.com. Rowe, a 17-year-old student from Vancouver, British Columbia, registered Mikerowesoft.com to front his part-time Web site design business in August 2003. Three months later, he received an e-mail from Microsoft's lawyers, asking him to transfer the domain name to Microsoft. They offered to pay him a 'settlement' of $10, which is the cost of his original registration fee. However, after the case received widespread coverage on the Internet, Microsoft has acknowledged that it may have taken things too far and has promised to treat Rowe fairly.
Issue no. 297 - 11 January 2004
- UK - Wales - Teen porn link found on Euro aid site
Internet surfers looking for details of European aid programmes instead found themselves accessing pornographic images of teenage girls. Yesterday the Welsh Assembly Government launched an investigation into how the offending material became linked to its Welsh European Funding Office website. The pornographic material appeared on a site linked to the Wefo website called inforegio, which purported to give information about EU structural funds like Objective One. Instead, visitors found themselves on a website headed, "Petite Nudes Teens Models" with a topless picture of a teenage girl.
Issue no. 296 - 4 January 2004
- ICANN - New 'At-Large Structures' certified
In an important step towards fulfilling the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' (ICANN's) objective to have informed, structured participation of the individual Internet user community ('At-Large'), six organizations in three geographic regions have received 'At-Large Structure' certification. Certification recognizes that the following groups meet ICANN's criteria for involving individual Internet users at the local or issue level in ICANN activities and for promoting individuals' understanding of, and participation in, ICANN: Societa' Internet (Region: Europe), Arab Knowledge Management Society (AKMS) (Region: Asia/Australia/Pacific) , Alfa-Redi (Region: Latin America/Caribbean Islands) , Förderverein Informationstechnik und Gesellschaft e.V (FITUG) (Region: Europe) , Internet Society (ISOC) Luxembourg A.S.B.L. (Region: Europe) and Internet Society Bulgaria (Region: Europe).
- US - Domain names once again fetch top dollar
One more sign the technology sector is rebounding: An Internet domain name is again commanding seven figures. Last week, a Florida man sold men.com for $1.3 million, a healthy profit over the $15,000 he paid for it in 1997. The buyers, largely entertainment industry folks who have opted to remain anonymous behind the acquiring company, men.com LLC, want to create a portal for men.
Issue no. 295 - 21 December 2003
- ES - Government blocks royal wedding domain names
The heir to the Spanish crown, Don Felipe de Borbón, has finally announced his decision to get married. What nobody imagined was the effect this pronouncement would have on the Internet. On Nov. 1, the day the wedding was formally announced, hundreds of people rushed to register domain names related to the couple, according to Red.es, the official Spanish registrar. Faced with this onslaught of registrants, the Spanish government has decided to block all attempts to register .es domain names related to the upcoming wedding.
Issue no. 294 - 14 December 2003
- Public Participation in ICANN: A Preliminary Study
(Harvard Law School)
by John Palfrey, Clifford Chen, Sam Hwang, and Noah Eisenkraft of Berkman Center for Internet & Society. This study considers to what extent the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has achieved its stated goal of a "representative" and "open" decision-making process. Review of postings by members of the Internet user community to ICANN's e-mail lists and public online forums showed that public commentary for or against a given proposal before the Board does not correlate strongly to an outcome either for or against that proposal. The data suggest that the Board has been more likely to rely heavily upon staff recommendations and upon the input of the Supporting Organizations. see also The Virtues of Deliberative Policymaking: A Response to "Public Participation in ICANN" by Andrew McLaughlin (also of the Berkman Center).
- UK - ASA slaps .eu domain name seller
The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) has ordered a Cambridge-based company to stop sending emails implying that it is accredited to offer .eu domain names. .EU Registry Services claimed it was the operator of the .eu suffix, which is actually the responsibility of a non-profit organisation, the European Registry of Internet Domain Names (Eurid).
Issue no. 292 - 23 November 2003
- ICANN - The Never-ending ccTLD Story
(Cardozo Law School)
by Peter K. Yu. Country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs) are the two-letter suffixes used by countries to denote their Internet addresses. Examples include .fr (for France), .tv (for Tuvalu) and .uk (for the United Kingdom). When ccTLDs were first developed, ccTLD policymaking was not high on the international lawmaking agenda. However, as the Internet explodes and as countries begin to realize the potential of this key information infrastructure, ccTLDs have received significant attention from the international community.
- Ukraine - L'ex-KGB chargé du domaine internet ua: une société fait appel
La société privée ukrainienne Hostmaster, qui était chargée de gérer le domaine internet ua, a annoncé avoir fait appel d'une décision de justice qui a jugé légal le transfert de l'administration de ce domaine aux services spéciaux SBU (ex-KGB) sur ordre du gouvernement, rapporte Interfax.
Issue no. 290 - 9 November 2003
- ES - Ruée sur les domaines internet de la future reine d'Espagne
Les demandes d'enregistrement de domaines internet en rapport avec Letizia Ortiz, la fiancée du prince héritier d'Espagne, Felipe de Bourbon, ont afflué depuis l'annonce le week-end dernier de leur mariage prochain. Le ministère espagnol de la Science et de la Technologie, qui supervise la vente des domaines en .es pour l'Espagne, n'enregistrera toutefois pas le domaine www.letiziaortiz.es, pour "éviter toute confusion". Le gouvernement a également bloqué la semaine dernière les noms de domaines nationaux pouvant se référer au mariage du Prince Felipe pour éviter leur détournement par des internautes mal intentionnés.
- ICANN - Internet group mulls a meaty meeting
ICANN's meeting in Tunisia will focus on IPv6, VeriSign's 'wild card' redirection service, and intellectual property rights in domain names. Representatives of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers predicted that the dozens of working groups will produce more 'substantive' discussions than those formed during previous meetings, which often were devoted to internal procedures.
Issue no. 289 - 26 October 2003
- The Deployment of VeriSign "Site Finder" and ISP Response
(Harvard Law School)
Technical Responses to Unilateral Internet Authority by Jonathan Zittrain and Benjamin Edelman, Berkman Center for Internet & Society.
- Using adjudicators to strike off cyber-squatters
Bridget Riley, a British artist, has used the international arbitration organisation Wipo to stop cyber-squatters using her domain name. Clive Gringras, a partner specialising in the internet at Olswang, talks to Stephen Ward about the pros and cons.
Issue no. 288 - 19 October 2003
- DE - Streit um Webadresse: Behörde droht Unternehmen
Zwischen der Bundesanstalt für Arbeit und dem Web-Unternehmen 2nd-level ist ein heftiger Streit entbrannt: Die Behörde will dem Unternehmen mit aller Macht seine Web-Adresse wegnehmen.
- VeriSign sells off domain registrar
VeriSign is selling its Network Solutions domain registration business for roughly $100 million, but plans to retain control over the database that directs people to .com and .net addresses.
- VeriSign to revive redirect service
VeriSign will give a 30- to 60-day notice before resuming a controversial and temporarily suspended feature that redirected many .com and .net domains, company representatives said. Speaking before an unusual gathering of technical experts in Washington, D.C., VeriSign said its own re-evaluation of its Site Finder redirection service found 'no identified security or stability problems.' When it was active, Site Finder added a 'wild card' for .com and .net domains that snared queries to nonexistent Internet sites and forwarded them to VeriSign's own servers.
Issue no. 287 - 11 October 2003
- ICANN - VeriSign says .com redirect isn't dead
VeriSign fired back at critics of its controversial - and temporarily suspended - domain-name redirect service, saying that Net regulators had no authority to force the company to shut it down. The company has been fighting criticism from much of the Internet's technical old guard since introducing its new 'SiteFinder' service three weeks ago. SiteFinder redirected all mistyped and unregistered domain names to a VeriSign search page, an action that some said interfered with spam filters and other Internet applications. After legal threats from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), VeriSign pulled the service offline, reinstating the old system of error messages. But in a press conference, VeriSign executives said ICANN did not have authority over the new service and that the company would fight back against the 'prejudice and bias of a few folks who have a set way of doing things. see also ICANN Stands Tall (Washington Post). see also The Aftermath: How ISPs Responded to Site Finder Around the World ( Berkman Center for Internet & Society - Harvard Law School) by Jonathan Zittrain and Benjamin Edelman.
- ICANN - VeriSign Service Spawns More Criticism
Officials from the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) met technologists in Washington, D.C., to review reports that VeriSign's Site Finder service causes numerous technical problems. VeriSign shut down the service last weekend after several requests from ICANN. E-mail spam blockers are one of Site Finder's casualties. The blockers bar mail from nonexistent Internet domain names, but Site Finder makes it look like all domain names exist, rendering a key blocking mechanism useless. He also said that devices that allow blind people to read Web pages rely on specialized error messages that can be circumvented by Site Finder. Similarly, non-English-speaking web users were diverted away from error messages in their own languages onto an English-only Site Finder search page. see also VeriSign fends off critics at ICANN confab (CNET News.com).
Issue no. 286 - 3 October 2003
Issue no. 285 - 28 September 2003
- WSIS - Ringen um die Netzverwaltung
Sollen künftig internationale Regierungen das letzte Wort über die Politik der Namen und Nummern im Netz haben oder eine private Netzverwaltung? Darüber wird in den letzten Stunden der Vorbereitungskonferenz zum Weltgipfel der Informationsgesellschaft (WSIS) erbittert gerungen. Nacht für Nacht wurden die entsprechenden Paragraphen bei den Plenumssitzungen der Regierungsdelegationen verschoben. Ein Patt ist entstanden, nachdem der kenianische Vorsitzende der Internet Governance Arbeitsgruppe einen Vorschlag aus dem Hut zauberte, per ITU Task Force ein Modell für eine internationale Netzverwaltung entwickeln zu lassen.
Issue no. 284 - 21 September 2003
- Domain name disputes - Berkman Center Releases UDRP Treatise
(Berkman Center for Internet & Society)
The UDRP Opinion Guide has just been published on the Berkman Center website. The Guide was prepared by Amy Bender HLS '03 and Berkman Fellow Megan Kirk, and edited by Clinical Program Director Diane Cabell. The UDRP Opinion Guide summarizes results of UDRP domain name disputes into the various issues and types of arguments raised by the parties. Because it is difficult to adequately search the UDRP databases using keywords, the Opinion Guide was created to help counsel and users see how the panels react to various arguments posed by the parties.
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