QuickLinks - Digital content
QuickLinks - Digital content
Issue no. 347 - 19 October 2005
- EU - The role of libraries in the information society
Speech by Viviane Reding, Member of the European Commission responsible for Information Society and Media, CENL Conference, Luxembourg, 29 September 2005. Libraries play a fundamental role in our society. They are the collectors and stewards of our heritage; they are organisers of the knowledge in the books they collect - adding value by cataloguing, classifying and describing them; and, as public institutions, they assure equality of access for all citizens. They take the knowledge of the past and present, and lay it down for the future. What is the European digital library, as I see it? I am not suggesting that the Commission creates a single library. I envisage a network of many digital libraries in different institutions, across Europe. These libraries will give the citizen online access to books, to local historical records, to archive films, and museum objects and provide services so they can use them. Realising these digital libraries at European level implies work on three main problems: digitisation; making resources accessible over networks; preservation and archiving of digital resources.
- EU to follow Google's lead with online library
Google's internet library project will face competition from Yahoo!, but also from a less predictable rival: the European Commission announced its own plan. And it has an advantage: if copyright laws interfere with its plans it can change the laws. The Commission wants to put Europe's cultural heritage on the internet by turning books, photos, records and films into a massive digital library. It has launched a consultation that invites suggestions for legislative measures that could facilitate the digitisation and subsequent accessibility of copyright material while respecting the legitimate interests of authors.
Issue no. 346 - 2 October 2005
- EU - Commission unveils plans for European digital libraries
The European Commission has unveiled its strategy to make Europe's written and audiovisual heritage available on the Internet. Turning Europe's historic and cultural heritage into digital content will make it usable for European citizens for their studies, work or leisure and will give innovators, artists and entrepreneurs the raw material that they need. The Commission proposes a concerted drive by EU Member States to digitise, preserve, and make this heritage available to all. It presents a first set of actions at European level and invites comments on a series of issues in an online consultation (deadline for replies 20 January 2006). The replies will feed into a proposal for a Recommendation on digitisation and digital preservation, to be presented in June 2006.
Issue no. 345 - 25 September 2005
- EU - Consultation on challenges for the publishing industry in the digital age
A public consultation on how to enhance the competitiveness of the publishing sector in the EU's increasingly digital economy was launched by the European Commission. Replies to this consultation, which are expected by mid-November 2005, should help EU policy makers to better understand the needs and challenges of Europe's publishing industry. On 23 September chief editors from eight European newspapers and magazines from Austria, Denmark, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Spain, and the UK will meet in Brussels at the invitation of Commissioner Reding to brainstorm how the written press in Europe is addressing the challenges and opportunities arising from online publishing, digitisation and increased competition in the advertising markets. The results of the consultation will be presented at a publishers'summit on 6 December in Brussels.
- Scientific publishing - The paperless library
The internet - and pressure from funding agencies, who are questioning why commercial publishers are making money from government-funded research by restricting access to it - is making free access to scientific results a reality. This week, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) issued a report describing the far-reaching consequences of this. See also OECD Press Release
Issue no. 343 - 4 September 2005
- A no-no to google Google
Google has banned its staff from talking to any CNet reporters for a year following a story written by reporter Elinor Mills. She had the temerity to employ Google's own search technology to dig out details of Google CEO Eric Schmidt's business and personal life, including how much he made from selling Google shares and the town where he lives.
- FR - France pushes for European books online
While Google has announced a break in its project to scan 15 million books, France is speeding up its rival venture for a European Digital Library. At its second meeting on 30 August 2005, the Library's Advisory Council set up a number of working groups, which are to deal with issues such as financing, editorial choices, private sector co-operation and choice of a search engine.
- Google pauses library project
Google will temporarily stop scanning copyright-protected books from libraries into its database following discussions with 'publishers, publishing industry organizations and authors,', while it makes changes to its Google Print Publisher Program. The company's library project involves the scanning of out-of-print and copyright works so that their text can be found through the search engine's database. Google is working on the project with libraries at Stanford University, Harvard University and other schools. The plan has come under fire from several groups, including publishers, who object to what they claim are violations of their copyrights.
- UM Library/Google Digitization Partnership FAQ
The University of Michigan and Google, Inc. have entered into a partnership to digitize the entire print collection of the University Library. The digitized collection will be searchable by Google, and the University Library will receive and own a copy of all images to integrate into new and existing UM Library user services. This FAQ addresses questions in the following areas: The UM-Google Project (aka MDP), Michigan's decision to work with Google, Collections to be converted, and materials handling, Technology issues, Legal issues, Access to the content online, UM's Digital Archive, Impact on existing library services. [Ed: Interesting. The most detailed description so far published by a signatory of the Google Library project]. See also CORRECTIONS: Google Print Not All I Said It Was by Barbara Quint.
Issue no. 341 - 9 July 2005
- FR - French answer to Google library
The French, concerned that the internet is in danger of becoming the exclusive preserve of the English language, are responding to Google's project to put 15 million books and documents online with their own French version. David Reid finds out about Gallica.
Issue no. 339 - 29 May 2005
- EU - Improving and extending the use of ICT to make the most of Europe's cultural and audiovisual heritage
The European Commission is to boost its policy of preserving and exploiting Europe's written and audiovisual heritage. At a time when the internet and the digital technologies available on many technical platforms are an everyday part of the life of European citizens, tapping the potential of our written text, image and sound archives is of major importance in economic terms as much as in cultural terms. The Commission plans to issue a communication by July outlining the stakes involved and identifying the obstacles to using written and audiovisual archives in the European Union. The communication will be accompanied by a proposal for a Recommendation aimed at enlisting all the public players concerned and facilitating public-private partnerships in the task of digitising our heritage.
- OECD - Online computer and video game industry
The OECD has released a report on the online computer and video game industry. Among the issues identified by the report are: Development costs, particularly for online games, have increased rapidly. Finance is seen as an important barrier to development as R&D support and tax breaks do not necessarily go to game development. Domination of the games console market by three hardware suppliers and growing market power of large games publishers is a potential threat to competition and together with increasing development costs to the future of independent developers. Lack of international micro-payment systems is limiting growth of pay-per-play and mass-market development. Shortages of programmers and developers remain a barrier to growth. Fewer women work in the games industry than any other media industry. Available evidence on the relationship between gaming and violence does not seem to support a definite direct causal connection but indicates that more research needs to be done in this area. A separate report on the mobile content industry (click to view study), including games and music on mobile phones, is also available. These studies are part of the OECD Project on Digital Broadband Content. In early June, the OECD will release studies on digital music and scientific publishing.
Issue no. 338 - 7 May 2005
- EU - European Digital Library Is Proposed
Six European leaders jointly proposed that works contained in European libraries be made accessible online, in what they called a 'European digital library.' The appeal to European Union officials was signed by French President Jacques Chirac, German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, Polish President Aleksander Kwasniewski and Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany. 'The heritage of European libraries is unequaled in richness and diversity,' they said in their letter. 'But if it is not digitalized and made accessible online, this heritage could, tomorrow, not fill its just place in the future geography of knowledge.'
- EU - Les bibliothèques nationales de l'UE s'unissent contre Google
Les bibliothèques nationales de l'UE ont entendu Jean-Noël Jeanneney, le président de la Bibliothèque nationale de France. Dix-neuf autres bibliothèques nationales le soutiennent. Dans un manifeste publié le 27 avril, elles «souhaitent appuyer une initiative commune des dirigeants de l'Europe visant à une numérisation large et organisée des oeuvres appartenant au patrimoine de notre continent».
- EU - L'UE veut décupler son effort de numérisation des archives
La Commission européenne s'engage à décupler son soutien au projet de bibliothèque virtuelle européenne, comme le lui ont demandé la semaine dernière six dirigeants européens, dont Jacques Chirac. Le débat, lancé par le moteur de recherche Google, qui a annoncé la numérisation de millions de livres destinés à être mis gratuitement en ligne, a fait des vagues, la France redoutant notamment une domination de la langue anglaise.
- Europe rallies against Google library
Nineteen European national libraries have joined forces against a planned communications revolution by internet search giant Google to create a global virtual library. The 19 libraries are backing instead a multi-million euro counter-offensive by European nations to put European literature online.
- No Google, please, we're French
(International Herald Tribune)
Scarce resources would be used more wisely and efficiently in making the intellectual wealth and diversity of Europe available to a worldwide audience - and in using for that purpose all the tools available in the realm of the Internet, including Google.
Issue no. 288 - 19 October 2003
- AU - Where websites go to die
(Sydney Morning Herald)
The National Library of Australia is a world leader in tracing the evolution of the internet. But with the average life of a website now only 44 days, time and money are short.
- Study: Video games fight phobias
Regular, off-the-shelf computer video games are an effective method of treating people's fears, using a style of therapy that exposes people to what scares them in a controlled setting, according to a new study. The study, published in the October issue of the journal CyberPsychology and Behavior, was conducted at the Université du Québec en Outaouais in Québec, Canada. The paper is available free online.
Issue no. 252 - 30 November 2002
Issue no. 251 - 24 November 2002
- Web site to give free access to children's books
A new Web site will make thousands of children's books from 100 different cultures available for free to Internet-savvy kids around the world. When it's completed in about five years, the International Children's Digital Library will hold about 10,000 books targeted at children ages 3 to 13.
Issue no. 250 - 17 November 2002
- EU - Council adopts draft Resolution on interactive media content
On 11 November, the Audiovisual and Culture Council approved a draft Resoluion on interactive media content in Europe. The draft Resolution states that in order to combine cultural diversity and a European market for interactive cultural content the focus should be on: frameworks for European networks of professionals; availability and adequacy of financing for the development of creative interactive media content; distribution and marketing of European interactive content.
Issue no. 236 - 8 June 2002
Issue no. 230 - 7 April 2002
Issue no. 228 - 17 March 2002
- EU - Commissioner stresses importance of content
In Barcelona, politicians must focus on electronic information. "European politicians must recognise the importance of content and applications, whether they are provided by commercial or public services, and ensure that they are available not just through computer terminals but also through mobile phones, televisions and other innovations", says Mr Erkki Liikanen, Europe's commissioner for enterprise and the Information Society at the start of a Barcelona summit. "While this development is mainly a function of the market, governments have a role to play since the public sector is the single largest holder and producer of content in Europe. I intend to table draft legislation shortly to encourage wider use of such public-sector information for added value services".
- UK - Electronic trail goes cold
Technological advancement means there is a real danger that digital material will become inaccessible because of software and hardware upgrades.
Issue no. 227 - 10 March 2002
- UK - Urgent need to save digital heritage, say campaigners
The digital age may only just have dawned, but the Digital Preservation Coalition, a group of eminent institutions, issued a warning that large swaths of the nation's digital heritage risk being lost for ever without urgent action to preserve them.
Issue no. 193 - 3 April 2001
- EC's Liikanen Talks About Content In The E-World
Content is crucial in the new electronic world, said Erkki Liikanen, the European Commission (EC) Commissioner for Enterprise and the Information Society. Speaking at the fourth European Broadcasting Union (EBU) conference in Brussels, Belgium, Liikanen said that the content sector, including the public service broadcasters, has an important role to play in the world of broadcasting and multimedia. see Broadcasting and content in eEurope (RAPID).
Issue no. 191 - 19 March 2001
- eContent call for proposals
Part 1: Demonstration projects - fixed deadline: 15 June 2001 Part 2: Definition phase projects and Accompanying measures - continuous submission scheme up to 16 December 2002. see also Work Programme for the years 2001 - 2002 and Information days.
Issue no. 185 - 27 January 2001
- EU - What’s Next in the Information Market?
(IST Diffuse Project)
7 March 2001, Brussels. The Diffuse Project is pleased to invite you to the first annual Diffuse conference. The title for this year's conference is "From Convergence to Consolidation: What's Next in the Information Market?" The conference will explore developments, and debate issues, relating to the harmonization of digital content, with specific reference to the Diffuse classification framework. Attendance is free of charge.
Issue no. 183 - 14 January 2001
- Los Quince aprueban un fondo para potenciar los contenidos 'online' europeos
El Consejo de Ministros de Telecomunicaciones de la UE alcanzó un acuerdo político para dar luz verde al programa 'eContenidos', que destinará 100 millones de euros (16.386 millones de pesetas) para fomentar el desarrollo de contenidos digitales europeos en Internet en el periodo 2000-2004.
Issue no. 160 - 17 June 2000
Issue no. 114 - 26 March 1999
Issue no. 104 - 17 January 1999
- Webzines face do-or-die struggle
Content isn't dead on the Internet, but electronic commerce is Wall Street's current king. And with brand name advertisers spending the bulk of their online dollars with services like Yahoo! and America Online, the future is far from certain for many of the Web's smaller publishers. Popular buzz over the wordy culture and entertainment sites has faded as larger numbers of people spend more of their online time on portal sites, feasting on e-mail services, stock quotes, news and home-page building services.
Issue no. 97 - 20 November 1998
- USA - Sun wins injunction against Microsoft
A U.S. District Court judge has ruled that Sun Microsystems is likely to prevail on the merits of its licensing case against Microsoft, and granted Sun's request for a preliminary injunction. The court ordered that if Microsoft ships products that include the Java technology, it must change those products within 90 days to address their failure to pass Sun's compatibility test suite. See also a href="http://www.nytimes.com/library/tech/98/11/biztech/articles/18sun.html">Newx York Times.
- Viewers, developers caught in streaming video war
Microsoft announced Wednesday that it plans to sell off the 3.3 million shares of RealNetworks stock it purchased as part of the $30 million investment it made in Real in the summer of 1997. The announcement is an acknowledgment of what streaming-media software developers have known for quite some time: Microsoft and RealNetworks are going their separate -- and incompatible -- ways.
Issue no. 94 - 7 November 1998
- UK - Creative industries booming
Culture Secretary Chris Smith has claimed Britain's "pop" industries are booming - creating 50,000 jobs and generating £60bn of revenues last year alone. Today, the government launched its "Creative Industries Mapping Document" - a look at parts of the economy that have, in the past, often failed to register as the serious industries they are.
- Microsoft Plans Mapping-Software Package
Microsoft on Monday announced MapPoint 2000, which does everything from finding addresses to plotting demographic data from Office, in an effort to bring Global Information Services (GIS) to the masses.
Issue no. 93 - 29 October 1998
- Cable titans say content is king - even on the Net
Viacom CEO Sumner Redstone and Time Warner Vice Chairman Ted Turner may have their differences, but they agree about the Internet. Speaking at the PricewaterhouseCoopers/Business Week forum, the two media giants said that what matters is content -- not where that content is viewed.
- Can You Charge for Online Content?
Recent consumer research by Jupiter Communications indicates people will not pay for content which appeals to a mass audience. However they will ante up for niche information.
- Microsoft unveils new names for software packages
Microsoft has christened the next version of Windows NT, its operating software for business computers, with a new name: Windows 2000.
Issue no. 92 - 22 October 1998
- USA - Wal-Mart sues Amazon, others
Wal-Mart said today that it has filed a lawsuit against Amazon.com, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Drugstore.com, and others, alleging violation of an Arkansas trade secrets law. The complaint alleges that "by hiring individuals to gain the specific knowledge and programs developed at Wal-Mart's expense, Amazon.com is improperly trying to obtain trade secrets, as well as other confidential information, that are unique to Wal-Mart."
Issue no. 87 - 1 October 1998
- Germany - Software-Offensive Bayern
Mit der Software-Offensive Bayern baut die Bayerische Staatsregierung gemeinsam mit Industrie und Forschung die Position Bayerns als führenden europäischen Standort für Entwicklung, Beratung und Vertrieb von Software weiter aus.
Issue no. 64 - 2 May 1998
Issue no. 57 - 26 March 1998
- USA - Judge Orders Microsoft To Remove Java Logo For Now
A federal judge Tuesday ordered Microsoft Corp. to remove the "Java-compatible" logo from two of its products while a lawsuit brought by Sun Microsystems proceeds. U.S. District Judge Ronald Whyte in San Jose, Calif., issued the injunction against Microsoft after a hearing on the issue last month, Microsoft spokesman Mark Murray said.
Issue no. 42 - 2 February 1998
- "Co-opetition" boosts growth of Internet broadcasting
As the race heats up for dominance in the emerging market for broadcasting audio and video programs to the Internet, the two biggest players, Microsoft and RealNetworks, find themselves engaged simultaneously in cutthroat competition and hand-in-hand cooperation.
Issue no. 41 - 28 January 1998
- Free Source Code Has Little Value
Software vendors have recently begun posting source code on the Web -- a move some say is simply bait to lure developers to a platform
Issue no. 40 - 26 January 1998
- MS catches up in Web tool market
Saying it wants to do for Web-based development what its Visual Basic tool did for client-server deployment, Microsoft will announce on Monday a reworked and substantially more powerful version of its Visual InterDev tool.
Links to news items about legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the information society, particularly those relating to information content, and market and technology.
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