QuickLinks 228 - 17 March 2002

Legal and regulatory issues

   Audiovisual

1. UK - BBC's Davies has a bad week at the office

   Competition

2. EU - Microsoft makes moves to avoid Brussels fine

   Computer crime

3. La construcción de un Espacio de Libertad, de Seguridad y de Justicia
4. Nordic countries - Child pornography on the Internet
5. UK - Priest admits child porn charge
6. USA - Microsoft-DOJ: A crime-fighting team?
7. Visa strikes deal to tackle e-porn

   Consumer protection

8. France - Un site marchand français sur trois est en infraction
9. USA - Court Shuts Down Website Selling Bogus Domain Names

   Content regulation

10. Australia - Public eyes censorship plans
11. UK - Pupil loses porn expulsion appeal

   Convergence of telecommunications, media and information technology

12. USA - Cable ISPs Not Required To Share Network - FCC
13. UK - Communications bill to relax cross-media ownership

   Copyright, trademarks and patents

14. Canada Eyes New Tariffs On Digital Recording Media
15. Deutschland - Bitkom bekräftigt Forderung nach individuellen Vergütungsverfahren für digitale Medien
16. USA - Defining Ruling Issued in Hyperlink Patent Case
17. USA - The Mouse That Ate The Public Domain

   Data Protection (privacy)

18. UK - Sainsbury's sexy SMS job ad causes complaints

   Digital divide

19. USA - What digital divide?

   Domain names

20. ICANN To Move Forward With Restructuring, Not Elections

   e-Government

21. Call for Papers - Information Technology and Public Administration
22. Deutschland - Schily eröffnet Formularserver der Bundesverwaltung
23. Deutschland - Verwaltung "rund um die Uhr" erreichbar
24. UK - Bobbies on the byte

   Electronic commerce

25. Japan - Gov't to regulate online auction sites
26. South Africa - E-bill goes to parliament
27. USA - House panel approves Net gambling ban

   Information society and Internet policy

28. Deutschland - Medienkompetenz mit Madeleine
29. EU - Publishing in the Digital Age

   Junk mail (spam)

30. Netherlands - Abfab can no longer spam XS4ALL subscribers

   Liability, jurisdiction and applicable law

31. Deutschland - Wird NRW bald zur Internet-Service-Provider freien Zone?
32. Sweden - Court holds forum owner responsible
33. USA - Group backs ISP in online gaming dispute
34. USA - Pennsylvania Law Requires ISPs To Remove Child Porn

   Mobile and wireless

35. Deutschland - Verwaltungsgericht: Mobilfunkstationen nicht ohne Baugenehmigung
36. Deutschland - Zugangsdaten zu Funk-Netzwerken im Web

   Multimedia content and tools

37. EU - Commissioner stresses importance of content
38. UK - Electronic trail goes cold

   Protection of minors

39. Deutschland - Der Jugendschutz in den Medien wird neu gestaltet
40. USA - Dot Kids Implementation and Efficiency Act of 2002

   Racism and xenophobia

41. Japan - Newspaper pulls online story on "Nazi" bar after Jewish protest

   Rating and filtering

42. Thailand - Authorities urged to blacklist pornographic sites in system
43. The Pre-Slipped Slope - censorware vs the Wayback Machine web archive

   Security and encryption

44. Deutschland - Wirtschaftsministerium will den E-Mail-Verkehr sicherer machen
45. USA - Canal+ Says News Corp. Unit Hacked Digital TV Smart Cards

   Self-regulation / codes of conduct

46. Deutschland - Adult-Content: Selbstregulierung

   Terrorism

47. USA - Probe Spawns Unparelled Intelligence Sharing

Market & Technology

   Market

48. Korea - Internet companies accelerate real-name subscriptions to introduce paid services
49. Morpheus auditions for new music role
50. UK - BBC digital stars 'paid too much'

   Mobile and wireless

51. Siemens connects new phone to the Net
52. The Net Effect

   Statistics

53. Italia - Siamo un popolo di cyber-guardoni
54. USA - Scouts Survey Net Harassment

   Technology

55. Hong Kongers to get 'smart' ID cards

Who's who

56. Lawrence Lessig, pourfendeur des nouveaux monopoles du Net

QuickLinks 228 - 17 March 2002

   Audiovisual

1. UK - BBC's Davies has a bad week at the office (FT)
The BBC chairman's remarks about middle-class viewers have brought unflattering reviews.. This week, Mr Davies suggested the BBC should pay less heed to the "white, middle-class, middle-aged and well educated" people who complain that the BBC is "dumbing down" and pour a little more of its energies into entertaining "the Asian teenager on the streets of Leicester".

   Competition

2. EU - Microsoft makes moves to avoid Brussels fine (FT)
Microsoft has made concessions that addressed some of the key concerns raised by Brussels. It would make available to the industry information on two technical standards, an encryption language called Kerberos and an internet standard known as Common Internet File System.

   Computer crime

3. La construcción de un Espacio de Libertad, de Seguridad y de Justicia (RAPID)
António Vitorino, Comisario responsable de Asuntos de Justicia e Interior, Real Academia de Ciencias Morales y Políticas, Madrid, 14 de marzo 2002.

4. Nordic countries - Child pornography on the Internet (Nordic Council)
The Nordic countries place great emphasis on ensuring effective measures to combat child pornography on the Internet. On the initiative of the Committee of Nordic Government Officials, the Nordic criminal law expert group prepared a survey of the forums where the question was already being treated in order to evaluate the usefulness of a Nordic collaboration and to direct the work towards areas where there could be a need to implement Nordic initiatives. see report in Danish / English English version starts p 85.

5. UK - Priest admits child porn charge (BBC)
A senior Catholic priest was caught with more than 30,000 photographs and computer images of children involved in sexually depraved acts, a court has heard. Father Michael O'Kelly, 47, the Dean of Reading, pleaded guilty at Newbury Magistrates Court in Berkshire to a single charge of making indecent pseudo-photographs of a child between June 1997 and October 2000.

6. USA - Microsoft-DOJ: A crime-fighting team? (Reuters)
Microsoft Chief Executive Steve Ballmer, whose company has been at odds with the U.S. government over antitrust violations, said it was working closely with the Justice Department to fight cybercrime.

7. Visa strikes deal to tackle e-porn (Marketing Weekly - registration required)
Visa has turned to an online brand protection company to prevent the use of its services by illegal pornography websites. The company is working with an unnamed US specialist with links to UK-based IBNet. IBNet uses a mixture of software and manpower to scan the Internet for key words and phrases. When it spots offending material, it reports it to the client. Visa is believed to be particularly uncomfortable about the use of its service by some of the so-called "Lolita" websites, which feature under-age sex.

   Consumer protection

8. France - Un site marchand français sur trois est en infraction (Le Monde)
Manque d'information, publicité mensongère, renvoi vers des sites illicites, "labels" auto-proclamés. Un site marchand français sur trois enfreint la réglementation, selon l'enquête 2001 de la direction générale de la consommation, de la concurrence et de la répression des fraudes (DGCCRF).

9. USA - Court Shuts Down Website Selling Bogus Domain Names (FTC Press Release)
An operation that used deceptive spam messages and appeals to patriotism to sell Web addresses that don't work, including ".usa" has been shut down by a U. S. District Court at the request of the Federal Trade Commission.

   Content regulation

10. Australia - Public eyes censorship plans (Australian)
NSW plans to censor the internet have been under scrutiny during two days of public hearings in Sydney. The Standing Committee on Social Issues is inquiring into whether the Classification Enforcement Amendment Bill provides an effective and enforceable way to regulate online material. But a number of industry and consumer groups warned that the proposed legislation discriminates against material published online and was unworkable.

11. UK - Pupil loses porn expulsion appeal (BBC)
A teenager accused of creating a pornographic website remains excluded from a south Wales school after his family lost an appeal against the decision.

   Convergence of telecommunications, media and information technology

12. USA - Cable ISPs Not Required To Share Network - FCC (Newsbytes)
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) said that cable companies providing high-speed Internet access do not have to open their networks to competing Internet service providers because they provide "information services," not "telecommunications services." see press release.

13. UK - Communications bill to relax cross-media ownership (FT)
The government has reaffirmed its plan to relax cross-media ownership rules in its communications bill to be published next month. The long-awaited draft bill has the potential to kick start consolidation of the commercial terrestrial television sector. The relaxation of limits on ownership of cross-media could spark a wave of mergers and acquisitions involving the ITV companies, Channel 5 and BSkyB.

   Copyright, trademarks and patents

14. Canada Eyes New Tariffs On Digital Recording Media (Newsbytes)
The Canadian Copyright Board has confirmed that tariffs could also apply to whole new families of recording media, including electronic memory cards, flash memory and hard drives, as long as those storage devices are destined for devices intended primarily to play music.

15. Deutschland - Bitkom bekräftigt Forderung nach individuellen Vergütungsverfahren für digitale Medien (Heise)
Der Bundesverband für Informationswirtschaft, Telekommunikation und neue Medien e. V. (Bitkom) hat seine Forderung nach modernen Urheber-Vergütungssystemen für digitale Medien bekräftigt. Sollten sich die Verwertungsgesellschaften mit ihrer Forderung nach Pauschalvergütung durch die Gerätehersteller durchsetzen, müssten die deutschen Verbraucher jährlich einen dreistelligen Millionenbetrag aufbringen.

16. USA - Defining Ruling Issued in Hyperlink Patent Case (The Recorder)
In British Telecommunications Inc. v. Prodigy Communications Corp., a case closely watched by intellectual property lawyers, a New York federal judge issued an initial ruling that may undermine British Telecommunications Inc.'s claims that it owns rights to the use of Internet hyperlinking.

17. USA - The Mouse That Ate The Public Domain (FindLaw)
by Chris Sprigman. Disney, The Copyright Term Extension Act, and Eldred v. Ashcroft.

   Data Protection (privacy)

18. UK - Sainsbury's sexy SMS job ad causes complaints (Yahoo UK)
A text message advertising jobs at a local store was sent by Sainsbury's to hundreds of people in Stockport, telling them that the sender needed them and couldn't get enough of them. The mobile numbers were obtained from a list compiled by people who had downloaded ring tones.

   Digital divide

19. USA - What digital divide? (CNet News.com)
A new report from the Department of Commerce (DOC), A Nation online: How Americans are expanding their use of the Internet, helps to explain why the digital divide is not a crisis that places citizens in urgent need of more government help.

   Domain names

20. ICANN To Move Forward With Restructuring, Not Elections (Newsbytes)
The body that manages the Internet's worldwide addressing system today voted to begin the process of restructuring itself, apparently abandoning plans to establish a global mechanism that would allow ordinary Internet users to directly elect some of the group's leaders. see Preliminary Report (ICANN) Interim report of the actions of the ICANN Board of Directors, Accra, Ghana, 14 March 2002. ICANN 'killing participation' in Internet (Yahoo UK), Governments weigh in on ICANN reform (ComputerWire) and Should Geeks, Or Governments, Run the Net? (Washington Post) and USA - Lawmakers Criticize Net Governance Restructuring Plan (Newsbytes).

   e-Government

21. Call for Papers - Information Technology and Public Administration (HICSS 36)
36th Hawai'i International Conference on System Sciences January 6-9, 2003. Call for Papers Minitrack Cluster on: Information Technology and Public Administration, IT-Enabled Management of Government (e-Gov-Management), Policies for IT-enabled Public Administration (e-Policy), IT-Enabled Democracy (e-Democracy), and IT-Enabled Government Services (e-Gov-Services)

22. Deutschland - Schily eröffnet Formularserver der Bundesverwaltung (Heise)
Bundesinnenminster Otto Schily hat auf der CeBIT den Formularserver der Bundesverwaltung online geschaltet. Nunmehr stehen unter www.bund.de die rund 1000 wichtigsten Formulare des Bundes im Netz bereit. Es ist Teil der eGovernment-Initiative BundOnline 2005, für das die Bundesregierung 1,65 Milliarden Euro bereitstellt.

23. Deutschland - Verwaltung "rund um die Uhr" erreichbar (Heise)
Mit der Initiative eGovernment - Rheinland-Pfalz 24 will die öffentliche Verwaltung in Rheinland-Pfalz sich mit einem eigenen Datennetz rund um die Uhr für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft öffnen.

24. UK - Bobbies on the byte (BBC)
Police officers will be armed with hand-held computers.

   Electronic commerce

25. Japan - Gov't to regulate online auction sites (Japan Today)
The government decided to amend a law governing trade of antiques to include regulations on online auction sites and operators to prevent the sale of stolen goods on the Internet. The operators will be required to register their sites with the government and display a seal of approval on their web sites if they meet related standards by a national government watchdog.

26. South Africa - E-bill goes to parliament (ITWeb)
The long awaited Electronic Communications and Transactions (ECT) Bill is scheduled to be tabled in parliament. The 100-page Bill covers a great deal of territory in an attempt to bring South African legislation into the Internet era in a single document, but has already stirred up a great deal of controversy. If accepted, the bill will almost immediately give legal recognition to e-mail and digital signatures, provide consumer protection in e-commerce transactions and formally criminalise several types of cybercrime.

27. USA - House panel approves Net gambling ban (Reuters)
The House Judiciary subcommittee on crime voted unanimously to approve a measure that would update the Wire Act of 1961, which bans interstate wagers, so it would clearly apply to the Internet and other modern communications, as well as telephone lines.

   Information society and Internet policy

28. Deutschland - Medienkompetenz mit Madeleine (Heise)
Um eine Verlebendigung des Medienkompetenz-Begriffs und seine Erschließung für das 21. Jahrhundert bemühten sich die Stiftungen der Mediengiganten AOL Time Warner und Bertelsmann auf einem hochkarätig besetzten "Gipfeltreffen" in Berlin.

29. EU - Publishing in the Digital Age (RAPID)
The European publishing industry met Commissioner Erkki Liikanen, European Commission officials and Members of the European Parliament in Brussels on 5 March 2002 to exchange views on policy issues including the role of self-regulation and co-regulation, content and editorial liability, advertising in the digital economy, data protection and privacy, and applicable law in the sector. see also Helen Alexander appeals to EU for light touch regulation (Periodical Publishers Association), Publishing in the Digital Age: European Publishers meet EU Commission and Parliament (EADP News) and Speech of Michael Gill (FEP).

   Junk mail (spam)

30. Netherlands - Abfab can no longer spam XS4ALL subscribers (Press Release)
Abfab has been ordered to stop inconveniencing XS4ALL subscribers by sending them spam, unsolicited commercial bulk mail. If it persists, it will face a penalty of EUR50 per e-mail, up to a maximum of EUR2.5 million. That is the result of the summary proceedings instituted by XS4ALL against the Amstelveen-based company. The judge at the Amsterdam Court has ruled that XS4ALL has no legal conveyance obligation and can therefore ban third parties from sending spam through its systems.

   Liability, jurisdiction and applicable law

31. Deutschland - Wird NRW bald zur Internet-Service-Provider freien Zone? (eco Forum e.V.)
Der Verband der deutschen Internetwirtschaft - eco Forum e.V. - ist besorgt über den Erlass der Sperrungsverfügungen gegen nordrhein-westfälische Anbieter von Internetzugängen durch die Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf. siehe auch Stellungnahme zur geplanten Sperrungsverfügung der Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf (Prof. Thomas Hoeren) und Deutschland - Das saubere Internet (Frankfurter Rundschau).

32. Sweden - Court holds forum owner responsible (kuro5hin.org)
A Swedish court held the editor of the web edition of Aftonbladet (a major Swedish newspaper) responsible for comments published on their forum, and the forum has subsequently closed. Aftonbladet was one of the first Swedish newspapers with a web edition. They are still the most visited website in Sweden, and they have up until today encouraged their visitors to voice their opinion on different news items in an online forum called 'Tyck till' ("Your opinion").

33. USA - Group backs ISP in online gaming dispute (CNET News.com)
The Electronic Frontier Foundation will provide legal representation for Internet Gateway, an Internet service provider threatened by media conglomerate Vivendi Universal for offering downloads of bnetd, volunteer-created software that allows individuals to run servers to host several popular online games including "Diablo II" and "StarCraft," both published by Blizzard Entertainment, a subsidiary of Vivendi. see also Analysis of BNETD and Blizzard (LawMeme) posted by Ernest Miller.

34. USA - Pennsylvania Law Requires ISPs To Remove Child Porn (Michael Geist BNA)
Pennsylvania has enacted a new anti-online child porn law that may require local ISPs to block access to such content or face criminal prosecution. House Bill 1333 requires ISPs to remove or disable access to child pornography within five days of notification by the state attorney general.

   Mobile and wireless

35. Deutschland - Verwaltungsgericht: Mobilfunkstationen nicht ohne Baugenehmigung (Heise)
Mobilfunkstationen dürfen nicht ohne eine Baugenehmigung aufgestellt werden. Das habe das Verwaltungsgericht Hannover entschieden,

36. Deutschland - Zugangsdaten zu Funk-Netzwerken im Web (Heise)
Mitglieder des WaveHan-Projekts haben jetzt auf ihrer Website eine Datenbank mit Informationen zu Funknetzen auf der CeBIT veröffentlicht. Die WLAN-Experten haben sich auf der Messe nach offenen Netzen umgesehen und festgestellt, dass die Mehrzahl aller WLANs der ausstellenden Firmen völlig ungeschützt ist.

   Multimedia content and tools

37. EU - Commissioner stresses importance of content (ContentWire)
In Barcelona, politicians must focus on electronic information. "European politicians must recognise the importance of content and applications, whether they are provided by commercial or public services, and ensure that they are available not just through computer terminals but also through mobile phones, televisions and other innovations", says Mr Erkki Liikanen, Europe's commissioner for enterprise and the Information Society at the start of a Barcelona summit. "While this development is mainly a function of the market, governments have a role to play since the public sector is the single largest holder and producer of content in Europe. I intend to table draft legislation shortly to encourage wider use of such public-sector information for added value services".

38. UK - Electronic trail goes cold (Guardian)
Technological advancement means there is a real danger that digital material will become inaccessible because of software and hardware upgrades.

   Protection of minors

39. Deutschland - Der Jugendschutz in den Medien wird neu gestaltet (Heise)
Bund und Länder haben sich nach langem Hin und Her auf eine Neugestaltung des Jugendschutzes in den Medien geeinigt. Die Einzelheiten des neuen Jugendmedienschutz-Staatsvertrags wollen die Länder in den nächsten Monaten ausarbeiten, die in Zukunft größtenteils allein bestimmen werden, was öffentlich im Netz und im Fernsehen gezeigt werden darf.

40. USA - Dot Kids Implementation and Efficiency Act of 2002 (US Congress)
Bill to facilitate the creation of a new, second-level Internet domain within the United States country code domain that will be a haven for material that promotes positive experiences for children and families using the Internet, provides a safe online environment for children, and helps to prevent children from being exposed to harmful material on the Internet.

   Racism and xenophobia

41. Japan - Newspaper pulls online story on "Nazi" bar after Jewish protest (Japan Today)
The Japan Times removed an article from its web site about a Nazi-theme bar in Pusan, one of the South Korean cities scheduled to host the 2002 World Cup soccer finals, following a protest from a U.S.-based Jewish human rights group.

   Rating and filtering

42. Thailand - Authorities urged to blacklist pornographic sites in system (Bangkok Post)
Authorities have been urged to blacklist pornographic sites on the Internet in order to protect children. An NGO activist directed his proposal to the Communications Authority of Thailand which, he said, should be responsible for any information it allows to flow into the country's Internet-links system. He raised the issue at a seminar on "Children: Sex victims of electronic media'', organised by the National Youth Bureau.

43. The Pre-Slipped Slope - censorware vs the Wayback Machine web archive (Seth Finkelstein)
This report examines how various censorware programs blacklist an extensive (100 Terabytes) web-site archive called the "Wayback Machine" . The control requirements of censorware lead to considering this archive site as a "Loophole" or "proxy avoidance systems".

   Security and encryption

44. Deutschland - Wirtschaftsministerium will den E-Mail-Verkehr sicherer machen (Heise)
Das Bundeswirtschaftsministerium stellt auf der CeBIT mit GnuPP (Gnu Privacy Project) ein neues Gesamtpaket rund um die Open-Source-Verschlüsselungssoftware Gnu Privacy Guard (GnuPG) vor.

45. USA - Canal+ Says News Corp. Unit Hacked Digital TV Smart Cards (Newsbytes)
The European television arm of Vivendi Universal says a subsidiary of competitor News Corp. cracked its technology for securing subscriber smart cards and released the code three years ago on a Web site for fans of digital TV. see also Piracy suit may reflect failed merger talks (Reuters).

   Self-regulation / codes of conduct

46. Deutschland - Adult-Content: Selbstregulierung (intern.de)
Eine neugegründete Initiative deutscher Webmaster will den "Adult-Content" aus der Schmuddelecke holen. Das heißt, ganz vielleicht nicht. Aber zumindest sollen die Anbieter dazu verpflichtet werden, sich an gesetzliche Vorlagen und eigens entwickelte Standards zur Selbstregulierung zu halten.

   Terrorism

47. USA - Probe Spawns Unparelled Intelligence Sharing (Newsbytes)
U.S. officials are struggling to analyze computerized and paper documents, computer hard drives, videotapes and voice and data communications scooped up since U.S. forces entered Afghanistan. It amounts to the largest and most complex intelligence operation ever mounted by the United States. By bringing together analysts from the military, the CIA and the FBI, the new system also reflects an unprecedented level of cooperation among agencies that historically have had a difficult time sharing even crucial information

   Market

48. Korea - Internet companies accelerate real-name subscriptions to introduce paid services (Korea Herald)
Korean portals and content providers require new subscribers to offer their real personal information. Once subscribers put their ID number and other data, service providers implement an authentication process through financial credit ratings agencies before sending final confirmation to applicants.

49. Morpheus auditions for new music role (CNET News.com)
StreamCast Networks, the creator of the popular Morpheus file-trading software, unveiled a plan that it hopes will help it become a more legitimate means of music distribution. The company is adding digital rights management, or anti-copying technology, to its set of software and services. It's calling for independent artists to distribute their work through the Morpheus file-trading network.

50. UK - BBC digital stars 'paid too much' (Observer)
A string of Britain's best rewarded TV presenters are working for a digital BBC channel which cannot be watched by more than half the BBC's licence payers. The disclosure, from a survey of productivity across the TV industry, has sparked calls for the BBC to review how much it pays stars.

   Mobile and wireless

51. Siemens connects new phone to the Net (Reuters)
At the CeBit trade fair in Hannover Siemens launched the M50 handset with Java technology as well as a range of cordless Internet applications for the home. The aim is to allow users to call up content such as games or maps according to their personal needs.

52. The Net Effect (Technology Review)
For big organizations, hoarding wireless bandwidth costs more than giving it away.

   Statistics

53. Italia - Siamo un popolo di cyber-guardoni (Panorama)
È un fenomeno immenso, con un giro di affari da capogiro, ma non compare mai nelle classifiche ufficiali. Ecco la prima vera radiografia del porno su Internet.

54. USA - Scouts Survey Net Harassment (Wired)
A Girl Scouts study of over 1,000 girls aged 13 to 18, 30 percent of the teens said they've been sexually harassed in a chat room. see The Net Effect: Girls and New Media.

   Technology

55. Hong Kongers to get 'smart' ID cards (AP)
Hong Kong's new ID card will be a "smart" cards, with embedded computer chips that hold names, pictures and birthdates - as well as a digital template of both thumbprints.

56. Lawrence Lessig, pourfendeur des nouveaux monopoles du Net (Le Monde)
Ce professeur de droit de Stanford s'est spécialisé sur les enjeux politiques et juridiques de l'Internet. Pour lui, la privatisation du Réseau menace la liberté d'expression, les libertés individuelles et entrave l'innovation.


QuickLinks

Links to news items about legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the information society, particularly those relating to information content, and market and technology.

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QuickLinks is edited by Richard Swetenham richard.swetenham@cec.eu.int - Main Sources and Contributors: Michael Geist BNA - ILN, David Goldstein, Gerhard Heine