QuickLinks 51 - 26 February 1998
Links to news items about
legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the information society, particularly those relating to information content, and
market and technology.
France - La cryptologie libéralisée: les décrets sont enfin publiés
EU - Draft Reply of the EU and its Member States to the US Green Paper on Internet Governance
8th WWW User Survey
Europeans pledge action on electronic commerce
Legal and regulatory issues
- USA - Russian Bank Hacker Sentenced
Vladimir Levin, the Russian mathematician who made headlines by using his computer in St. Petersburg to grab big bundles of Citibank cash, has been sentenced by a New York federal judge to three years in prison.
- Copyright Piracy Costs US Firms $10.8 Bln
Copyright piracy of music, books, movies and computer software cost U.S. industry an estimated $10.8 billion in 1997, the International Intellectual Property Alliance said on Tuesday. It listed 55 countries where it said piracy was a problem. In recommendations to U.S. Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky, it said Greece and Bulgaria should be designated Priority Foreign Countries unless significant improvements in enforcement were made by April 30.
Data Protection (privacy)
- Europeans pledge action on electronic commerce
More than 100 European companies, trade bodies and local authorities including Dutch ABN Amro Bank , IBM Europe and British Telecommunications Plc , signed a memorandum of understanding on "open access to electronic commerce for small and medium-sized enterprises." . "(We) believe that if electronic commerce is to flourish, industry agreements, codes of practice and self-regulation are all preferable to external regulation," they said in a statement.
Information society and Internet policy
- EU to fight U.S. Internet proposals
(Nando.net - Agence France-Presse )
The European Commission on Wednesday called on European Union countries to resist U.S. proposals for running the Internet, including a call for commerce conducted in cyberspace to be duty and tax free. The commission, the EU's executive arm, warned that proposals in a green paper published by Washington last week would, if implemented, make the existing U.S. jurisdiction over the Internet permanent. Instead of going it alone, the U.S. should cooperate with the EU in producing a global charter on Internet governance, European Industry Commissioner Martin Bangemann said.
see related story
Security and encryption
- France - La cryptologie libéralisée: les décrets sont enfin publiés
(Le Monde Informatique)
Les décrets d'application de la loi du 26 juillet 1996, qui modifie, en le libéralisant, le contrôle par l'Etat des usages de la cryptologie, ont finalement été publiés au Journal officiel.
- Décret no 98-101 du 24 février 1998 définissant les conditions dans lesquelles sont souscrites les déclarations et accordées les autorisations concernant les moyens et prestations de cryptologie
- Décret no 98-102 du 24 février 1998 définissant les conditions dans lesquelles sont agréés les organismes gérant pour le compte d'autrui des conventions secrètes de cryptologie en application de l'article 28 de la loi no 90-1170 du 29 décembre 1990 sur la réglementation des télécommunications
Market & Technology
Convergence of telecommunications, media and information technology sectors
- Germany - TV numérique: ARD se rallie au décodeur de Kirch
La première chaîne de télévision publique allemande ARD a accepté mercredi le standard de télévision numérique payante adopté par les autres chaînes du pays, le décodeur d-box promu par le groupe de Leo Kirch.
Internet access and use
- Internet Growth Could Hurt Service Providers
Internet service providers and telecom carriers are concerned their profit margins will be squeezed by having to cope with a demand for Internet bandwidth which is increasing at a much greater rate than revenue. Bandwidth demand is growing by about 1,000 percent per year, while revenues of Internet service providers (ISPs) are growing at a much slower pace.
- Internet Bookseller Amazon.com Plans To Tap Music Business
Amazon.com, the largest seller of books on the Internet, said on Tuesday it is planning to tap into the growing online music business. "The company has plans to enter the music business sometime in 1998," an Amazon.com spokeswoman said, adding that no further details were available.
- AOL: A new media firm?
Surging membership growth, price increases, and a whirlwind of recent internal changes at America Online Inc. obscure a more important, fundamental shift that should see AOL shed its online service skin and emerge in the next century as a full-fledged media outfit.
- Cyber news group folds
New Century Network's NewsWorks, a consortium of 140 newspapers, is quitting the news aggregating business in favor of its apparently flourishing advertising network.
- MSN cancels shows, gets practical
The Microsoft Network is lowering the final curtain on its shows, ending its rocky foray into the world of entertainment production.
- Time Warner May Pull Plug On Net Publication
(Net Insider )
Time Warner's first online-only publication, The Netly News, could stop publishing as early as next week, the site's founders said Wednesday. The Netly News has yet to turn a profit, but its editors say the decision to close down -- which isn't final yet --would not be driven entirely by concerns about the bottom line.
- Millennium threatens GPS high-tech navigation
(Nando.net - Scripps Howard )
Yachtsmen, walkers and travelers who rely on the worldwide global positioning system for navigation could lose their way in 2000 thanks to the millennium "bomb." Concerns are growing that older GPS receivers -- used in boats, trains, light aircraft and motor vehicles -- could become severely disoriented both as a result of the bomb and another threat labeled the "GPS rollover issue."
Quality of service
- America Online shut down by electrical fault
America Online Inc.'s Internet service was shut down Monday night by an electrical problem the company said had a wider impact than a wave of electronic mail problems last year.
- New source for browsers
A Web-based project called Mnemonic has just released the first tangible results of a lightweight browser that can be downloaded and modified by anyone. It's available only for Linux, a free Unix-based operating system and is still in the early stages of development.
- Commerce Standards Advance Slowly
Two proposed standards intended to grease the tracks between buyers and sellers are poised to ease electronic commerce on the Internet. The two proposals--Open Buying on the Internet (OBI) and the Open Trading Protocol--(OTP) have generic names, but they have very different missions.
- 8th WWW User Survey
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
Privacy now overshadows censorship as the number one most important issue facing the Internet, maybe in response to the tremendous amount of media coverage privacy issues have received in the past several months. Electronic commerce is taking off both in terms of the number of users shopping as well as the total amount people are spending via Internet based transactions. Just the same, security remains the number one reason Web users report for not purchasing over the Web.
- Survey: Browser bundling works
Most newbies use one particular Web browser for the same reason certain people climb mountains: Because it's there. And once they choose their browser, they're not likely to switch. As a result, bundling browsers with computer operating systems, software products, and Internet service provider start-up kits is a strategy that works, according to the eighth biannual Web survey released today by the Georgia Institute of Technology.
- L'ATM universel, la fin d'un rêve technologique
(Le Monde Informatique)
Favorisant l'inexorable avancée du protocole IP, Internet a brisé le rêve ambitieux des ingénieurs télécoms. L'utopie d'un ATM universel est morte. Reste à savoir si, mieux ciblée et épousant davantage les standards du marché, la technologie peut encore trouver sa voie.
QuickLinks are edited by Richard Swetenham
- Contributor: Pierre Bischoff
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