QuickLinks - Employment and social issues
Issue no. 116 - 1 May 1999
- Students sour on high-tech jobs
As the demand for U.S. college graduates with high-tech degrees grows, fewer students are seeking them. And perhaps more alarming to the worker-hungry high-tech industry is the fact that a huge proportion of advanced technical degrees now awarded by the U.S. higher education system is being earned by foreign nationals.
Issue no. 115 - 24 April 1999
- Net threat to Euro economy
European economies could be hit hard by an acute shortage of network professionals, according to research by the International Data Corporation. An IDC report, The Internet Economy - An Employment Paradox?, predicts Western Europe will experience a shortfall of nearly 600,000 network experts by 2002.
Issue no. 111 - 8 March 1999
Issue no. 110 - 3 March 1999
- Don't overdo the surfing
Un Italien qui avait passé trois jours quasiment sans interruption à naviguer sur internet a dû être hospitalisé, souffrant de "confusion mentale, hallucinations et délires". Il s'agit d'un cas "d'intoxication aiguë d'internet".
Issue no. 109 - 25 February 1999
- Internet 'harms marriage'
The Internet has evolved from a mine of information into a means of making money. But some argue it is an addictive social danger, with a proven track record in destroying marriages.
- USA - Firm Pulls Attorney Photos From Web Site
(New York Law Journal)
Like other firms, Davis Polk & Wardwell thought that posting photographs of its lawyers on its Web site was a good marketing tool. But after several female associates received e-mail from strangers that were clearly prompted by the photos, the pictures disappeared.
Issue no. 106 - 29 January 1999
- Sweden - Ericsson to slash 11,000 positions
Swedish telecommunications giant Telefon AB LM Ericsson expanded the scope of its plans to slash its work force, saying it will cut more than 11,000 jobs world-wide in the next two years to reflect technological and market trends.
Issue no. 101 - 17 December 1998
- Sweden - Ericsson to Eliminate 10,000 More Jobs
(New York Times)
Ericsson AB, the Swedish company that has been aggressively reorganizing its business to resist growing competition in its key cellular-phone business, said that its fourth-quarter profit would be 15 percent to 20 percent lower than expected and that it would cut 10,000 more jobs because of flagging demand for its phones and public switching systems.
Issue no. 100 - 11 December 1998
- MCI layoffs set to begin
(PC Week Online)
MCI WorldCom over the course of the next week is expected to begin laying off as much as 20 percent of its 75,000-strong workforce.
- Will They Succeed in Melding Disparate Corporate Cultures?
As the reality of their impending marriage to America Online began to sink in last week, the foremost question on the minds of Netscape employees was: Would the new owner let them continue to bring their dogs to work?
Issue no. 98 - 30 November 1998
Issue no. 94 - 7 November 1998
- Hoffnungsträger Multimediabranche
Differing figures for employment prospects in multimedia (in German).
- Teleworking in the Information Society
(El Pais in Spanish))
Estudiar las posibilidades de las nuevas tecnologías dentro del marco social, difundir nuevas aplicaciones, formar a los futuros teletrabajadores o buscarles teleempleo, son algunas de las funciones del Foro de Teletrabajo/Telemática de la Comunidad Europea. Su presidente, Eduardo Barrera, ha hablado con InfoSociedad sobre el futuro del teletrabajo y la Sociedad de la Información.
- Internet adultery
Internet-sparked adultery is leading more and more married couples astray.
Issue no. 93 - 29 October 1998
Issue no. 92 - 22 October 1998
- Germany - Group stages Net strike
A German information technology group rendered a chunk of its Internet pages unreadable today to protest wages--effectively the first firm ever to stage a strike on the Internet. The OeTV trade union said that 120 researchers at First, a Berlin computer architecture and software group, had filled 13.5 percent of pages with dollar symbols to protest against a 13.5 percent wage cut by their state employers.
- Germany - Informationsbranche klagt über Mangel an Fachkräften
In der deutschen Informations-und Kommunikationsbranche könnnen derzeit Zehntausende von Stellen nicht besetzt werden. Der Bundesverband Informations-und Kommunikationssysteme (BVB) teilte mit, 1998/99 würden 100.000 neue Arbeitsplätze angeboten. Ihnen stünden jedoch nur 500 Hochschulabsolventen der Fachrichtung Wirtschaftsinformatik gegenüber.
Issue no. 91 - 16 October 1998
- USA - Congress Revives Measure on High-Tech Visas
(New York Times)
Congressional leaders on Tuesday revived legislation being sought by the high-tech industry to nearly double the number of visas available for skilled foreign workers.
- USA - Workforce Improvement and Protection Act
Increases the number of special H1-B visa for skilled foreign workers.
- Europe. like Silicon Valley. reports worker shortage
California's Silicon Valley isn't the only place that says it's running short of high-tech talent. Western Europe's computer and telecommunications industry has some 367,000 jobs that it can't fill, costing it a few percentage points of economic growth. In Germany, 75,000 jobs are going unfilled because of too few qualified workers, said Bernhard Rohleder, managing director at the European Information Technology Observatory.
Issue no. 90 - 13 October 1998
- USA - Foreign High Tech Immigration Bill Dies In Senate
A bill that would have increased the number of U.S. visas granted to foreign high tech workers died in the Senate on Friday, with backers of the bill warning its demise could have dire consequences as the computer industry tries to solve the year 2000 millennium bug.
Issue no. 86 - 25 September 1998
- European IT shortage spurs 'call to action'
Nine computer and software companies on Tuesday asked the private and public sectors in the European Union step up training to address a critical shortage of skilled information technology workers.
- U.S. House approves compromise bill on worker visas
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a compromise bill that raises the number of H-1B visas allowed for temporary foreign workers. The compromise version of the American Competitiveness Act was reached by the U.S. Congress and the administration of President Bill Clinton on Wednesday and was the subject of a spirited debate in the House Thursday before the vote was taken. Sen. Spencer Abraham, a Michigan Republican, announced the compromise last night and predicted that the bill soon would be enacted into law.
Issue no. 85 - 22 September 1998
- USA - Immigration battle looms for hi-tech staff
Proposed legislation to increase the number of foreign high-tech workers allowed to enter the United States has been championed by technology companies, but faces opposition on Capitol Hill from a strange-bedfellows coalition of pro-labour Democrats and anti-immigration Republicans.
Issue no. 84 - 18 September 1998
- Holy See - Pope Urges Internet Responsibility
Pope John Paul II has stressed a need for greater responsibility by journalists working in the age of the Internet and other speedy information systems. In a message sent by the Vatican's secretary of state to a group of Catholic journalists meeting in Paris this week, the pontiff said the print media have a responsibility "that has increased that much more" as they use "much more extremely rapid means, such as Internet."
Issue no. 81 - 9 September 1998
- Study: Net use causes depression
Spending just a few hours a week online appears to leave people feeling more socially isolated, lonely, and depressed, according to a two-year study of nearly 100 families with Internet access. Although the effect is slight, the more time people spend online, the more isolated, lonely, and depressed they appear to become, the study found.
Issue no. 71 - 2 June 1998
- An awful warning to dedicated QuickLinks readers
(Nando.net - Reuters)
People who seem addicted to the Internet often show a bumper crop of psychiatric disorders like manic-depression, and treating those other conditions might help them rein in their urge to be online, a study suggests. Being hooked on the Internet is not a recognized disorder. The study said the excessive online use by the study participants would qualify as a disorder of impulse control, in the same category as kleptomania or compulsive shopping. In fact, he suggested the Internet problem be called "Internetomania" or "Netomania," rather than an addiction. A psychologist said many people with no prior sign of psychiatric trouble have gotten hooked on the Internet too. They may be dealing with other life circumstances like stale marriages or job burnout, she said.
Issue no. 62 - 23 April 1998
- Telecom Jobs Getting Unplugged, Study Says
Employment in the telecommunications industry is visibly shifting away from the giant wire-line carriers and into satellite and other wireless communications companies, according to a report released Tuesday night.
Issue no. 61 - 22 April 1998
- Workforce Reductions May Signal End Of Hiring Boom
With Intel and Silicon Graphics having announced workforce reductions, Digital Equipment about to be absorbed into Compaq, and Advanced Micro Devices reporting steep quarterly losses, is the bloom off the rose for engineering hiring? "The jury is still out," said Bruce Rafey, principal of Bruce Rafey & Associates, a Lynn, Mass., recruitment firm that specializes in the semiconductor field. "It's too early to tell. You can see signs of it [a hiring downturn]. But you can also see contrary signs of it. There are still huge numbers of openings."
Issue no. 60 - 3 April 1998
- Battling to bring high-tech workers to America
(Raleigh News & Observer - Scripps Howard)
Citing a severe shortage of labor, high-tech lobbyists are pressing Congress to raise the number of visas given to skilled foreigners, despite criticism that companies want to give away some of America's most attractive jobs to guest workers. After listening to testimony from representatives of Microsoft, Sun Microsystems and Texas Instruments, Sen. Spencer Abraham, R-Mich., introduced legislation in February to permanently raise the cap on the number of so-called "H-1B visas" given to skilled professionals from 65,000 a year to 90,000.
- European Initiative Targets Potential Shortage Of Skilled Labor
(Semiconductor Business News)
An initiative aimed at helping Europe avoid a skills shortage in semiconductor manufacturing and chip engineering positions was announced Tuesday by a coalition of trade groups during the Semicon Europa 98 trade show in Geneva.
- When children become addicted to the Internet
(Nando.net - Scripps Howard)
A new study by Kimberly Young of the University of Pittsburgh suggests that chat rooms and games on the Internet could turn children into dysfunctional recluses and disrupt family life. The psychology behind playing games online is very seductive, especially for young children with low self-esteem or family problems. If the child is using the Net to escape from family life, or feels inadequate or has few real life friends, to become a legend in an online game is potent.
Issue no. 59 - 30 March 1998
- USA - High-tech gender gap probed
With all the buzz about the high-tech industry's worker shortage, some members of Congress wonder if the real deficiency is in the number of women entering and advancing in the field. The House subcommittee on technology yesterday passed legislation that would create a one-year federal study to determine where women are underrepresented in the computer and science industries.
Issue no. 58 - 27 March 1998
- Internet for the Masses
"And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar." Exodus.27.5 The Very Wired Archbishop of Denver, Charles Chaput, is hosting what he describes as a "wonderful beginning" for the Catholic Church on the Internet. Major players in the industry are mixing with robed cardinals and archbishops from all over the world at the Church's International Conference on New Technologies, taking place in Colorado till Saturday.
Cable executive warns bishops about immorality on the Internet
Issue no. 50 - 24 February 1998
- Canada - Influence néfaste d'Internet sur la vie familiale, selon un sondage
L'utilisation du réseau Internet peut avoir une influence néfaste sur la vie familiale, selon les résultats d'un sondage publiés lundi par le quotidien canadien The Globe and Mail. Le sondage révèle également que les deux-tiers des Canadiens sont favorables à une réglementation sur le contenu d'Internet, pour empêcher par exemple la diffusion de matériel pornographique.
Issue no. 48 - 17 February 1998
- USA - Netscape channel staff slashed
In a bid to make over its reseller program, Netscape Communications Corp. has gutted its channel staff by two-thirds, according to resellers and former Netscape channel officials.
Issue no. 46 - 11 February 1998
- USA - 500 get axed at CompuServe
(Inter@ctive Week Online)
Call it Bloody Monday at CompuServe Corp. America Online Inc., which completed the acquisition of rival CompuServe's online service one week ago, today rolled through its new subsidiary with an ax, chopping off 500 jobs and shelving the company's yearlong efforts to develop a Web-based version of the CompuServe online service.
- USA - Paging Network to lay off 1,800
Paging Network said today that it will eliminate 30 percent of its U.S. workforce of 6,000 over the next 9 to 15months as part of a sweeping restructuring.
Issue no. 42 - 2 February 1998
- Newspaper says AOL considering big layoffs
America Online Inc is considering laying off more than 300 CompuServe customer support personnel, or more than 20 percent of the company's work force, the Wall Street Journal said Friday in its electronic edition.
- Retailing jobs down, as online shopping grows
Layoffs increased in the retailing business last year, at least partly due to the increase of online shopping services and other non-traditional sales outlets, a leading outplacement firm said Thursday.
Issue no. 41 - 28 January 1998
- USA - Supreme Court Denies Microsoft Appeal in Freelance Case
Microsoft's intent to protect policies that treat freelancers as second-class workers fell on deaf ears Monday, as the US Supreme Court denied Redmond's appeal of a ruling that its contract workers were entitled to participate in the company's employee stock purchase plan.
- L'emploi en Allemagne sur internet à l'ANPE à Metz
L'espace cadres de l'Agence nationale pour l'emploi de Metz (Moselle) a annoncé mercredi avoir mis en place dans ses locaux en libre service des postes informatiques qui permettent aux chercheurs d'emploi d'avoir accès aux offres allemandes et françaises via internet.
- Netscape to cut 300 jobs
Netscape Communications (NSCP) announced today that it would eliminate 300 jobs, the first layoffs in the company's history. The Internet software company plans to complete the reductions, which represent 9.4 percent of its workforce, by the end of March. The staff cuts--in telemarketing, research, and other areas--come as the company posted a fourth-quarter loss today that was much larger than expected.
- USA - AT&T posts strong profits, to cut 15,000 jobs
AT&T Corp. Monday posted surprisingly strong fourth-quarter profits and announced plans, as expected, to cut 15,000 to 18,000 jobs by the end of next year in a bid to become leaner and more competitive. In a meeting with Wall Street analysts, AT&T Chairman C. Michael Armstrong said most of the cuts will come through early retirement and attrition, with some layoffs. AT&T will take a pretax charge of $800 million to $1.2 billion from the restructuring in the second quarter, he said.
Issue no. 38 - 22 January 1998
- College Students Addicted to the Net
College campuses are experiencing a rising number of cases of Internet addiction, according to an article appearing in the January issue of the new Journal, CyberPsychology and Behavior: The Impact of the Internet, MultiMedia, and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society, published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Issue no. 35 - 14 January 1998
Issue no. 31 - 23 December 1997
- Plus jamais seul à Noël grâce à Internet.
La soirée de Noël est synonyme de bonheur pour la plupart d'entre nous. Mais d'autres restent sur la touche, seuls, sans famille, malades ou angoissés, loin de la fête et d'autant plus vulnérables. Le cyberespace peut-il mettre un peu de baûme dans leur coeur?
Issue no. 30 - 19 December 1997
Issue no. 28 - 15 December 1997
- USA - Digital Citizen Survey
(The Wired/Merrill Lynch Forum)
The first in-depth poll finds Digital Citizens are optimistic, tolerant, civic-minded, and radically committed to change. Analysis by Jon Katz. The poll divided Americans into four categories, depending upon their usage of the Internet for exchanging email and their use of four other targeted technologies: cell
phone, laptop, beeper/pager and home computer. Very detailed (80 questions).
Issue no. 26 - 10 December 1997
- New 'dataholics' generation on rise, survey says
A generation of"dataholics" is on the rise, with over half the respondents to a new survey commissioned by Reuters saying they crave information, especially from computers and the Internet. The survey is called "Glued to the Screen: An investigation into information addiction worldwide".
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