24 January 2010

FR - François Fillon veut lutter contre le racisme sur Internet

(01net)
Le Premier ministre a reçu un rapport sur la lutte contre le racisme sur Internet. Il souhaite impliquer davantage les administrations et rappelle leur rôle aux hébergeurs. La France possède un arsenal répressif complet pour combattre le racisme, mais il est insuffisamment mis en œuvre sur Internet, souligne le rapport « Lutter contre le racisme sur Internet » remis au Premier ministre, François Fillon. Réalisé par Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, conseiller d'Etat, présidente du Forum des droits sur l'Internet, ce document d'une soixantaine de pages note la présence évidente de messages et contenus à caractère raciste, sans toutefois conclure à une augmentation de leur nombre.

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03 September 2009

CA - Canadian Human Rights Tribunal Rules Internet Hate Provision Unconstitutional

(Michael Geist)
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal has ruled that the Internet hate provision found in the Human Rights Act is unconstitutional. The Tribunal ruled that the restriction on speech imposed by the provision is not a reasonable limit under Section 1 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

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22 June 2009

The rise of Hate 2.0

(BBC News)
The number of hate and terrorist websites has increased by a third in the past year, according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center. The Los Angeles-based Jewish human rights organisation put the figure at more than 8,000 in its 2008 report Hate 2.0. And the number of so-called hate sites is growing fast, while the use of social networks to push controversial messages is also on the rise. See Facebook, YouTube +: How Social Media Outlets Impact Digital Terrorism and Hate.

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14 May 2009

Simon Wiesenthal Centre: Facebook used to 'promote hatred of Jews'

(Times)
Facebook was under increasing fire allegedly hosting pages promoting hatred against Jews after a report found that militants and hate groups were increasingly using social networking sites as propaganda tools to recruit new members. The Simon Wiesenthal Centre, the Jewish human rights group named after the renowned Nazi-hunter, said it has found a 25 per cent rise in the past year in the number of "problematic" social networking groups on such sites as YouTube. A third of the new postings were on Facebook alone. The centre said it had identified more than 10,000 websites, social networking groups, portals, blogs, chat rooms, videos and hate games that promoted racial violence, anti-Semitism, homophobia, hate music and terrorism.

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30 January 2009

EU - Council Framework Decision on of racism and xenophobia

(EUR-Lex)
Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. OJ L 328, 6.12.2008, p. 55. PDF version.

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09 December 2008

EU - Framework Decision on racism and xenophobia

(Consilium)
The Council adopted a Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law. The text lays down that the following intentional acts will be punishable in all the EU Member States: The Member States will make these acts punishable by a maximum sentence of at least one to three years' imprisonment. Following its adoption, the Member States will have two years to comply with the Framework Decision.

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15 November 2008

Facebook Pulls Italian Neo-Nazi Pages After Outcry

(Reuters)
Facebook has removed several pages from its site used by Italian neo-Nazis to incite violence after European politicians accused the Internet social networking site of allowing a platform to racists. Seven different group pages had been created on the site with titles advocating violence against gypsies.

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06 June 2008

DE - Rechtsextremes Angebot im Internet erreicht Höchststand

(Heise)
Das Angebot an deutschsprachiger, rechtsextremer Propaganda im Internet hat im vergangenen Jahr einen Höchststand erreicht. Allerdings war nicht mehr so viel Strafbares zu finden wie 2007. Das Team beobachtete 1635 rechtsextreme Websites und dokumentierte mehr als 750 rechtsextreme Videos und Profile auf interaktiven Web-2.0-Plattformen wie vor allem YouTube oder SchülerVZ. Das war so viel rechtsextremes Material wie noch nie seit Beginn der Beobachtungen im Jahr 2000.

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22 May 2008

DE - German post prints Hess stamps

(BBC)
German neo-Nazis have used a personalised stamp service to send letters bearing the image of Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess. An order of 20 55-cent stamps was printed by the service. Deutsche Post's personalised stamp service was launched in February and allows customers to upload their own photos over the internet to create an individual stamp design, ordering any amount from 20 to 10,000. The service has proved popular with people celebrating weddings, birthdays or anniversaries. Deutsche Post does have control mechanisms in place to ensure that criminal or pornographic images are not printed.

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21 May 2008

US - Tracking Hate 2.0 on the Web

(New York Times)
The Internet is seeing a stark rise in the number of hate and terror sites and Web postings, according to a Congressional briefing last week entitled "Hate in the Information Age." At the briefing, Rabbi Abraham Cooper, an associate dean at the Simon Wiesenthal Center, a Jewish human rights group based in Los Angeles, presented the organization's annual study of online terror and hate. He said the group had identified some 8,000 problematic sites in the last 12 months, a 30 percent spike over last year. Contributing to this precipitous rise was the proliferation of Web 2.0 services, which have made it easy to post videos to sites like YouTube and mint hate groups on services like Facebook and MySpace.

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24 February 2008

AU - Developments in internet filtering technologies

(ACMA)
Australian Communications and Media Authority has published the inaugural report on Developments in Internet Filtering Technologies and other measures for promoting online safety. It investigates international developments in internet filtering technologies and other safety initiatives and draws together current key trends and makes observations about content, communication and e-security risks online.

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31 January 2008

IL - Shimon Peres: Use Facebook To Fight Hate

(AP)
Israel's 84-year-old president has a novel idea on how to battle anti-Semitism: Facebook. Shimon Peres told a group of international students at Israel's Holocaust memorial that the popular social networking site was an effective means to counter the spread of hate and incitement on the Internet.

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28 August 2007

DE - SPD-Innenpolitiker fordert Ermittlungen gegen YouTube wegen Volksverhetzung

(Heise)
Der SPD-Innenexperte Dieter Wiefelspütz hat staatsanwaltschaftliche Ermittlungen gegen die Internet-Plattform YouTube wegen der Verbreitung rechtsextremer Videos gefordert. Auch das Bundesinnenministerium empfahl, gegen den YouTube-Eigentümer Google Strafanzeige zu erstatten. Weil das Unternehmen auf mehr als 100 Abmahnungen von Jugendschützern nicht reagiert habe, erwägt auch der Zentralrat der Juden in Deutschland diesen Schritt. Nach Angaben von Report Mainz sind auf YouTube unter anderem der NS-Propagandafilm "Jud Süß" sowie verbotene Videos der Gruppen "Kommando Freisler" und "Landser" zu sehen.

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04 August 2007

UK - Firms withdraw BNP Facebook ads

(BBC)
Six major firms have withdrawn advertisements from the networking website Facebook, after they appeared on a British National Party page. First Direct, Vodafone, Virgin Media, the AA, Halifax and the Prudential have all withdrawn ads. Virgin said it had to 'protect its brand'.

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28 June 2007

EU - Framework decision on Racism and Xenophobia

(Consilium)
Pending the lifting of some Parliamentary reservations, the Council reached a general approach on this Framework Decision. The text establishes that the following intentional conduct will be punishable in all EU Member States:. Member States may choose to punish only conduct which is either carried out in a manner likely to disturb public order or which is threatening, abusive or insulting. The reference to religion is intended to cover, at least, conduct which is a pretext for directing acts against a group of persons or a member of such a group defined by reference to race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin.

Member States will ensure that these conducts are punishable by criminal penalties of a maximum of at least between 1 and 3 years of imprisonment.

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18 April 2007

EU close to agreement on hate crime law

(EuObserver)
After six years of heated political debate, EU member states are set to agree on a common anti-racism law, under which offenders will face up to three years in jail for stirring-up racial hatred or denying acts of genocide, such as the Holocaust. One diplomat in Brussels confirmed to EUobserver that the controversial piece of law is in its final-tuning phase and is likely to gain EU blessing at a justice and interior ministers meeting in Luxembourg on Thursday (19 April).

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25 June 2006

EU - The Need for a Unified Stance in Combating Racism and Xenophobia

(RAPID)
Sppeech by Vice-President Franco Frattini, European Commissioner responsible for Justice, Freedom and Security, Seminar on Racism and xenophobia, Vienna ? 22 June 2006.

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03 February 2006

UN - Combating Racism on Internet

(EDRI-gram)
A High Level Seminar on Racism and the Internet took place in Geneva, during 16-17 January 2006. Dr. Yaman Akdeniz, director and founder of Cyber-Rights & Cyber-Liberties prepared a background report for the seminar entitled Stocktaking on efforts to combat racism on the Internet.

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25 October 2005

EU - No agreement on the framework decision on combating racism and xenophobia

(Luxembourg Presidency)
European ministers of Justice and Home Affairs did not reach an agreement on the framework decision on combating racism and xenophobia during their meeting in Luxembourg on 2 June. Luc Frieden, President in office of the Justice and Home Affairs Council, underlined the importance the Luxembourg Presidency has attached to this issue. "Because of internal political discussions in some Member States, and in the absence of provisions regarding mutual legal assistance in the proposed framework decision, we could not find unanimous agreement. Personally I regret that because I wanted to find an agreement. It is now up to the Commission to see how we take this forward. I think I can say on behalf of the British Presidency, that in view of the discussions today, they are not going to continue these discussions in the near future."

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02 October 2005

CY - Fighting the illegal use of the internet

(Cyprus Mail)
A new website has been launched in Cyprus, aimed at targeting improper use of the internet. SafeWeb describes itself as a hotline service of Cyprus dedicated to contribute to the restraint of distribution of illegal content over the Internet. The service states that its primary concern is the elimination of child pornographic material posted on the internet while also hoping to aims to combat all other types of illegal content, dealing with pornography, racism, online gambling, data and consumer protection. The new site service provides concerned users the means to anonymously report various illegal matters on the internet. It is partnered and supported by the Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Institute of Computer Science and the University of Cyprus. SafeWeb is part of the Safer Internet-plus programme which is funded by the European Union and is leading the battle in Europe against illegal use of the internet and works closely with Safeline, a Greek-based website offering a similar service throughout Greece.

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29 January 2005

EU - Fundamental Rights Agency

(RAVPID)
Speech of Vice-President Franco Frattini, Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security, Opening of the Public Hearing. Public Hearing; Brussels, 25 January 2005. Fundamental rights and Citizenship are the foundations of the European social contract. The decision to develop an Agency for Fundamental Rights by extending the mandate of the European Monitoring Centre for Racism and Xenophobia is a logical consequence of the growing importance of fundamental rights issues within the European Union. It results from the proclamation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights in 2000 and its incorporation into the Constitutional Treaty, accompanied by the provision on the accession of the Union to the European Convention on Human Rights in the same Treaty in 2003.

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30 December 2004

CoE - New committee on human rights and internet

(EDRI-gram)
The Council of Europe has set up an ad-hoc committee of experts on the information society to work on a new declaration or recommendation on human rights and internet.The long list of topics to be covered by the committee ranges from freedom of expression to privacy, mandatory retention of traffic data, e-voting, the prohibition of racism and xenophobic speech on the internet and "the protection of intellectual property in cyberspace." See Terms of reference.

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09 December 2004

EU equips parents with internet safety tools

(RAPID)
The EU Telecommunications Council has agreed on the Safer Internet Plus programme, which aims to empower parents and teachers with internet safety tools. The 4-year programme (2005–08), proposed by the European Commission in March, will have a budget of € 45 million to combat illegal and harmful internet content. The new programme also covers other media, such as videos, and explicitly addresses the fight against racism, and also “spam’. It will focus more closely on end users: parents, educators and children.

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29 October 2004

Hate on the Net

(INACH)
Virtual nursery for In Real Life crime Compiled by the members, candidate-members & co-operation partners of the International Network Against Cyber Hate.

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17 September 2004

2004-09-13 OSCE, Brussels - Conference on Tolerance and the Fight against Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination

(OSCE) 13 - 14 September 2004 Brussels, Belgium. In the Decision on Tolerance and Non-Discrimination, Ministers in Maastricht reaffirmed their commitment to promote tolerance and non-discrimination. They decided to follow up the work started at the OSCE Conference on Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination, held in Vienna on 4 and 5 September 2003, and welcomed the offer by Belgium to host a second OSCE conference on this subject in Brussels. This Conference aims to build upon the general and specific discussions within the OSCE on racism, xenophobia, discrimination and anti-Semitism that have taken place since the Porto Ministerial Council Meeting in 2002.

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11 September 2004

2004-09-13 BE, Brussels - Conference on Tolerance and the Fight against Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination

(OSCE)
13 - 14 September 2004. In the Decision on Tolerance and Non-Discrimination, Ministers in Maastricht reaffirmed their commitment to promote tolerance and non-discrimination. They decided to follow up the work started at the OSCE Conference on Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination, held in Vienna on 4 and 5 September 2003, and welcomed the offer by Belgium to host a second OSCE conference on this subject in Brussels. This Conference aims to build upon the general and specific discussions within the OSCE on racism, xenophobia, discrimination and anti-Semitism that have taken place since the Porto Ministerial Council Meeting in 2002.

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12 August 2004

EU - Mrs Reding to be new Commissioner for Information Society and Media

(RAPID)
Portfolio Responsibilities of the Barroso Commission. Viviane REDING, Commissioner for Information Society and Media. Responsible for: Information Society, Audiovisual Policy, Coordination of Media Affairs. Information Society DG adding: Audiovisual policy and Media programme Units from DG EAC Agencies: ENISA (European Network and Information Security Agency). Also Günter VERHEUGEN, Vice President, Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry. Enterprise and Industry (renamed), adding: Space (from DG RTD), Security-related research (from DG INFSO/RTD). Rocco BUTTIGLIONE, Vice President Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security. Justice, Freedom and Security DG (renamed) Agencies: EUMC (European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia), will be combined with Fundamental Rights. Charlie McCREEVY Commissioner for Internal Market and Services; Internal Market and services DG (renamed) adding: management of notifications by MS of draft rules on services from ENTR DG Agencies: OHIM (Office for the Harmonisation of the Internal Market - Trade Marks and designs). Markos KYPRIANOU Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection.

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20 June 2004

FR - Racisme et antisémitisme sur internet: que faire?

(Forum sur les droits de l'internet)
A la suite de la réunion de Paris de l'OSCE sur la relation entre propagande raciste, antisémite et xénophobe sur l'internet et crimes de haine, et en vue de la conférence de Sofia de décembre 2004, le Forum des droits sur l'internet ouvre un forum de discussion sur le thème: "Racisme, antisémitisme et xénophobie sur internet: que faire?". A partir du 18 juin et pour une durée de 4 mois, nous vous invitons à y échanger vos idées sur ce thème et à réagir aux conclusions de la réunion de Paris. voir aussi: dossier de référence.

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18 June 2004

OSCE Meeting on the relationship between racist, xenophobic and anti-Semitic propaganda on the Internet and hate crimes

(OSCE)
Paris, 16 - 17 June 2004. A two-day international meeting in Paris with several countries calling on the 55 States of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) to take measures against hate.

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17 June 2004

OSCE - Internet's role in racism debated

(BBC)
Officials from more than 60 countries have been meeting in France to discuss ways of combating racism on the internet. Divisions have emerged between France and the United States over how to tackle the problem. France wants tougher regulations, and believes there is a direct link between racist propaganda on the web and a surge in hate crimes in recent years. But the US says it is against any restrictions on freedom of speech.

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16 March 2004

UK - 'Far-right' website investigated

(BBC)
The Home Office is investigating a website that publishes the home addresses and telephone numbers of anti-racism campaigners, politicians and journalists. The website, Redwatch, publishes photographs and contact details of individuals under the slogan 'Remember places, traitors' faces, they all pay for their crimes'. A Home Office spokeswoman said 'We are aware of the anxiety caused by the presence of such material on the internet'"

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12 March 2004

European Commission proposes stepping up EU action to combat child porn, racism and spam on the internet

(RAPID)
Safer Internet plus, a new 50 million euro, 4-year programme to make the internet safer for children, has been proposed by the European Commission. This programme, running from 2005 to 2008, would build upon EU work under way since 1996 to combat illegal and harmful internet content. Encompassing new media, such as videos, and new issues such as "spam", it would bring in accession countries, and focus more closely on end users: parents, educators and children. It aims to mobilise talent in the public, private and voluntary sectors to prepare hard-hitting safety campaigns. Its four action lines are: fighting illegal content; tackling unwanted and harmful content (including spam); promoting a safer environment, and awareness-raising. see English, French and German versions of the proposal COM(2004) 91.

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08 January 2004

EU - Prodi reinstates racism talks on Jewish backing

(FT)
Romano Prodi, president of the European Commission, has overturned his decision to shelve a conference on anti-Semitism in Europe after assurances from representatives of the Jewish community that they did not view the European Union's executive as anti-Semitic.

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08 October 2003

2003-10-14 OSCE, Warsaw - Prevention of Discrimination, Racism, Xenophobia and Anti-Semitism

(OSCE)
Human Dimension Implementation Meeting 2003. Tuesday, 14 October. Working sessions 12 & 13. Side event: Discrimination on the Internet Convenor: International Network Against Cyber Hate. Summary: An audio visual presentation of cyber hate that can be found on the Internet. Outline of problems and facts & figures. Discussion between participants and experts about possible solutions. Experts: Ronald Eissens, director Dutch Complaints Bureau for Discrimination on Internet, Rafal Pankowski, Never Again Association Poland and Gérard Kerforn, MRAP France and Suzette Bronkhorst, International Network Against Cyber Hate.

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17 September 2003

OSCE anti-racism conference ends with calls for stronger laws against hate speech on Internet

(News release)
On 5 September 2003, the OSCE concluded a conference on racism, xenophobia and discrimination with a session that included contributions on the role of the media in conveying and countering prejudice. Many speakers focused on the electronic media and several called for strengthened legislation or implementation of existing conventions to suppress access to websites that disseminate hate-speech and racist messages. Speeches by the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, Freimut Duve and by Gérard Kerforn.

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28 August 2003

IN - Watch what you surf, Net police are here -

(Times of India)
The Government of India has outlined an official procedure for blocking websites. The Information Technology Act, 2000, only provides for the blocking of pornographic websites and the monitoring of websites which endanger public order, the integrity and security of the nation and relations with other countries. But the new diktat permits the blacking out of websites promoting hate content, slander or defamation of others, promoting gambling, promoting racism, violence and terrorism and other such material, in addition to promoting pornography, including child pornography and violent sex. The order No. GSR529(E) goes on to add: "Blocking of such websites may be equated to balanced flow of information and not censorship." Various agencies can submit a complaint to the director of Cert-In, a new organisation which has been set up by the government to address IT security issues. A committee comprising bureaucrats from Cert-In, the department of information technology and the law or home ministry meet and take on the spot decision on whether the website is to be blocked or not. Neither the producers of the website nor those with a contrary point of view are to be given a hearing.

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11 August 2003

2003-10-20 SE, Stockholm - SAFT International conference: Future Kids Online

(SAFT)
The SAFT Project invites you to the International Conference Future Kids Online 20-21 October 2003, Stockholm, Sweden. For two full days, up to 200 participants will meet to discuss issues of safer use of the Internet among children and teenagers. Potentials as well as risks concerning kids' online behavior will be in focus, eg. chatting, communities, online gaming, instant messaging, file sharing, pornography, racism and source criticism. Current research and extensive survey results on children's use of new media will be presented. The roles of both parents, educators, industry and government are also on the agenda. Along with politicians, researchers, industry representatives and experts, kids themselves will present their views and opinions on Internet use and safety issues.

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26 March 2003

Racism caught in the Net

Racism caught in the Net (Sydney Morning Herald)
Courtesy of the website www.tolerance.org, it is now possible for anyone with access to a computer to test discreetly whether they harbour negative feelings towards Arab Muslims. You can also test online your attitude to black people versus white, old versus young, fat versus thin, male versus female, and straight versus gay. Literate people who can find their way around the internet and consider themselves bias-free might be surprised. The website warns the results may disturb: more than a million people have so far taken implicit association tests, and more often the tests reveal some sort of unconscious bias.

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01 March 2003

FR - Legislators vote to ban spam

FR - Legislators vote to ban spam (AFP)
France's National Assembly has voted in favor of banning unsolicited e-mail sales messages, known as spam. The move, presented to the lower house of parliament in the form of government amendments to a law to "increase confidence in the digital economy," was approved by deputies at a first reading. Direct electronic marketing without prior consent would be allowed in certain circumstances where the parties involved were properly registered so as not to penalise e-business between companies. The deputies also called for Internet site hosts to be responsible for a "minimum of surveillance" of their pages, to prevent the diffusion of messages or images of racism, paedophilia and crimes against humanity.

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31 January 2003

CoE - Signature of Council of Europe Protocol against racism in cyberspace

CoE - Signature of Council of Europe Protocol against racism in cyberspace (CoE)
Eleven member States of the Council of Europe (Armenia, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands and Sweden) have signed the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime, concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature, committed through the use of computer systems. The Austrian President, Thomas Klestil, will sign the Protocol on Thursday 30 January, during his visit to the Council of Europe. More states are expected to sign the Protocol in the weeks to come.

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23 January 2003

Strategies to Tackle Racism and Xenophobia on the Internet

Strategies to Tackle Racism and Xenophobia on the Internet (IJCLP)
by Isabelle Rorive. The paper analyses different attempts to tackle the problem of racist and xenophobic content on the Internet. The question whether internet content should be regulated at all is debatable but if regulation is wanted, such content needs to be criminalized and criminal laws against such content need to be enforced. This task is rendered difficult, as different standards exist in Europe and in the US. The author concludes that the co-regulative approach which targets intermediaries provides some relatively effective means to tackle the problem of racist and xenophobic content on the Internet.

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09 November 2002

CoE - The Council of Europe fights against racism and xenophobia on the Internet (Press Release)
On 7 November 2002, the Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers adopted the Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime. The Protocol requires States to criminalise the dissemination of racist and xenophobic material through computer systems, as well as racist and xenophobic-motivated threat and insult including the denial, gross minimisation, approval or justification of genocide or crimes against humanity, particularly those that occurred during the period 1940-45. It also defines the notion of this category of material and establishes the extent to which its dissemination violates the rights of others and criminalises certain conduct accordingly.

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24 October 2002

AU - Internet race hate laws 'incoherent' (Australian IT)
Australia laws covering race hate on the internet need to be more coherent, according to our human rights watchdog. The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission said there were inconsistencies between the content classification regime, which governs the internet in Australia, and the racial discrimination act. The commission hosted a symposium on cyber racism with representatives from government regulatory bodies, the IT industry, legal experts, and community groups.

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23 October 2002

EU - Council Framework Decision of 13 June 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States (EUR-Lex)
2002/584/JHA. Offences which give rise to surrender pursuant to a European arrest warrant include sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, computer-related crime, racism and xenophobia.

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30 September 2002

Extremist uses Net to bypass anti-racism laws (The West Australian)
Right-wing extremist leader Jack van Tongeren used the internet to bypass Australia's tough anti-racism laws within a day of his release from prison. The freed neo-nazi shielded himself from prosecution by operating the Australian Nationalists Movement's publishing and recruitment arms through a United States-based internet company.

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25 September 2002

2002-09-26 BE, Brussels - Experts to chart a way for combating online racism
Organized by the Oxford Programme on Comparative Media Law and Policy, this one-day workshop on regulation and self-regulation in the area of racism, xenophobia and incitement online will be a working meeting, bringing together area experts and interested parties, to discuss the progress of hate speech control on the Internet, evaluate current successes and failures and elicit ideas for self-regulatory solutions to combat problem of hate and violent content on the Internet.

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16 September 2002

Convention on Cybercrime (Council of Europe)
Budapest, 23.XI.2001. see also Final Draft of the First Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist or xenophobic nature committed through computer systems and its Explanatory Report (Council of Europe, released on May 14, 2002).

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11 July 2002

Hate flourishes on the net (BBC)
Hate has flourished on the internet since the 11 September attacks, according to the Simon Wiesenthal Center. The Jewish rights organisation said that websites promoting violence and racism had proliferated over the past year. "Extremist groups are undoubtedly spending more of their efforts online," said Rabbi Abraham Cooper, at a seminar in Berlin, Germany, where he was presenting the findings of the organisation's Digital Hate 2002 report

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20 June 2002

ECRI Annual report 2001 (Council of Europe)
European Commission against Racism and Intolerance.

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27 April 2002

Norway - Man Imprisoned Over Online Hate Speech (AP)
A Norwegian man has been sentenced to 75 days in prison for racist and anti-semitic postings on a Web site. The postings were found to violate Norway's anti-racism law. The case is the first conviction in Norway for online hate and is seen as particularly significant since the postings occurred on a site hosted in the United States.

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27 March 2002

Revised draft Protocol on racism (CoE)
The Committee of experts on the criminalisation of acts of a racist or xenophobic nature committed through computer systems (PC-RX) decided, at its last meeting from 18 to 20 March 2002, to publish on the Internet site of the Council of Europe, a revised version of this draft First Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist or xenophobic nature committed through computer systems.

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International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, 21 March 2002 (RAPID)
Speaking on the occasion of International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Commissioner Anna Diamantopoulou said "The European Union bases its very existence on the idea that all men and women are born free and equal and constitute a sole human family". She expressed her concern about the rise in hostility towards migrants and ethnic minorities and called upon the international community and the Member States to step up the fight racism and xenophobia and to implement the commitments made at the World Conference Against Racism in Durban last year.

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20 February 2002

Council of Europe - racism and xenophobia (CoE)
Publication of Preliminary draft of the First Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime on the criminalisation of acts of a racist or xenophobic nature committed through computer systems and its Explanatory Report.

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11 February 2002

Council of Europe - Protocol on racism and xenophobia - Preliminary Draft - 18-12-01 (document released by IRIS)
European Committee On Crime Problems (CDPC) - Committee of Experts on the Criminalisation of Acts of Racist of Xenophobic Nature committed through Computer Networks (PC-RX) - Preliminary Draft of the First Additional Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime on the criminalisation of acts of a racist or xenophobic nature through computer networks. see also Specific Terms Of Reference, Summary Report of the First meeting (Strasbourg, 17 - 18 December 2001), lettre et dossier de l'IRIS.

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06 February 2002

Racism and xenophobia (Eur-Lex)
Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on combating racism and xenophobia (COM(2001) 664 final).

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06 December 2001

French groups appeal Yahoo's win in Nazi memorabilia case (AP)
Two French groups are appealing the recent federal court decision that held Yahoo! did not have to remove Nazi memorabilia from its site to comply with a ruling in France. Attorneys for the League Against Racism and Anti-Semitism and the Union of Jewish Students contended in their appeal to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that Yahoo should not be shielded from French law by the First Amendment.

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08 November 2001

Racism and xenophobia in cyberspace (Council of Europe)
Report for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe by the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights Rapporteur: Mr Ivar Tallo, Estonia, Socialist Group

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04 October 2001

French Judge Now Mulling U.S. Hate Site Block (Newsbytes)
Final courtroom arguments have wrapped up and a judge must now decide if French Internet service providers (ISPs) will be forced to block access to an American portal that hosts so-called "hate Web sites." The Internet Service Providers Association of France (AFA) is strongly opposed to blocking the Web sites. French law bans distribution of neo-Nazi, racist and anti-Semitic material. But the AFA maintains that nothing in French law requires them to filter out such content. The AFA and its members are fighting against hate content within the current legal framework, with such measures as an anti-racism hotline co-financed by the EU Commission.

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31 August 2001

Battling online hate (BBC)
One of the issues on the agenda at the World Conference on Racism in South Africa is the role of the media - including the internet - in addressing racism.

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19 July 2001

The European Racism and Xenophobia Information Network (RAXEN) (EUMC)
The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) in Vienna has now established partnerships in all 15 EU Member States to develop new measures to prevent racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism and to support equality and diversity in Europe.

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29 June 2001

Fight against racism and xenophobia on the internet (Press Release)
Education / Youth Council 28 May 2001. In view of the dangers which the Internet can present, especially for young people, when used as a vehicle for the propagation of extremist and anti-democratic views, the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, adopted a Declaration on combating racism and xenophobia on the internet by intensifying work with young people.

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21 June 2001

French Human Rights Group Sues ISPs (E-Commerce Law Daily)
A French anti-racism group filed suit against 13 Internet service providers that have refused to block access to a U.S.-based portal site which acts as an online host to more than 400 hate groups. The complaint filed June 15 by International Action for Justice is available, in French, at http://www.jaccuse-aipj.org. A response from the French Association of Internet Access Providers is available, in French, at http://www.afa-france.com/html/action/010612.html

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25 May 2001

EC Launches Site To Fight Child Porn, Cybercrime (Newsbytes)
The European Commission has launched a Web site aimed at shielding kids from pedophiles, cybercrime and racism on the Internet. The EC has billed its new "Awareness Exchange" Web site, saferinternet.org, as a vehicle for voicing concern and stimulating discussion about what can be done to protect kids from the seamier sides of the Web.

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21 March 2001

Fighting racism in the EU (RAPID)
Speech by Anna Diamantopoulou, European Commissioner responsible for Employment and Social Affairs. see Innovation Prize 2000 award ceremony, fight against racism, Brussels, 21 March, 2001

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09 February 2001

French Group Moves To Quash Yahoo Lawsuit In US (Newsbytes)
Now that Yahoo has begun cracking down the sale of Nazi memorabilia on its auction service, an anti-racism group that took the Web portal to task on the issue in a French court is wondering why it is still debating the issue in a federal court in California.

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08 February 2001

Fighting on-line racism, anti-Semitism and revisionism (Ronald Eissens)
The Complaints Bureau for Discrimination on the Internet in the Netherlands.

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Current problems and possible strategies for combating racism on the Internet (lic. iur. David Rosenthal)
Efforts to combat racism on the Internet have to date been successful only in part. This working paper looks into the legal and technical reasons which have made it so difficult to combat objectionable speech and activities on the Internet, even though it is illegal already in many countries to publish racist speech and discuss possible and viable strategies for combating and prosecuting racism on the Internet at its source in regard to the current technological and legal obstacles.

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08 January 2001

Yahoo! bans hate propaganda (FT)
Yahoo!, the US-based internet company, agreed to block the sale of Nazi memorabilia on its US auction and shopping sites, in effect capitulating to the jurisdiction of an overseas court over online material. see also Anti-racism groups elated by Yahoo Nazi ban Will Yahoo's ban on auctioned Nazi items work? (CNET News.com).

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28 December 2000

Anti-racism site target of cyberattack (CNET News.com)
The Anti-Defamation League Web site was the target of an anti-Israel attack this week, the latest in a string of cyber break-ins related to the violence in the Middle East.

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21 December 2000

EU - Canada Summit (RAPID)
Ottawa 19 December 2000. Joint statement on co-operation in justice and home affairs (including Racism and xenophobia, Transnational organised crime, Cybercrime)

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20 December 2000

Frequently Asked Questions About Extremist Speech Online (GigaLaw.com)
by the Anti-Defamation League. Extremist groups and individuals that promote racism, anti-Semitism and prejudice have turned to the the Internet for easy access to a potential audience of millions. While their beliefs may be offensive to many, the law often provides them with protection. This article answers many common questions about the legality of extremist speech online. see also Racists, Bigots and the Law on the Internet.

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16 December 2000

German Hate Law: No Denying It (Wired)
If this week's border-transcending ruling by Germany's highest court proves anything, it's that an enormous distance remains between advocates of a free Internet and watchdogs against racism and hate-mongering.

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13 December 2000

Durban to host World Conference against Racism (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights)
The Government of South Africa announced on 24 October that the city of Durban will host the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance from 31 August to 7 September 2001.

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26 November 2000

Internet racism on the rise (uk.internet.com)
European Union (EU) report has attacked the internet, slamming it as a breeding ground for racism, as both Europe and the US see a rise in racist activity. see also Diversity and Equality in Europe (EUMC). The European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia has published its second report on developments in racism, xenophobia and Anti-Semitism in the EU Member States. The report includes coverage on "Mass media and xenophobia" and "Racism in cyber space". and see also Victims afraid to report racist incidents (Word) (Press Release).

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06 October 2000

European conference against racism (Press release)
A conference entitled "All different, all equal: from principle to practice - European contribution to the World Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance" will be held on 11-13 October 2000 in Strasbourg. see programme.

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15 September 2000

European Network Against Racism (ENAR)
ENAR, a network of European NGOs working to combat racism in all the EU member states, is a major outcome of the 1997 European Year Against Racism. The 1998 Constitutive Conference of the European Network Against Racism brought together more than 200 representatives of these organisations to draw up a common programme of action. ENAR is determined to fight racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, to promote equality of treatment between EU citizens and third country nationals, and to link local/regional/national initiatives with European initiatives.

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01 August 2000

German Government Plans Crackdown on Racism (Reuters)
German officials drafted plans for a crackdown on right-wing violence after a media outcry over a mystery bombing last week which hurt a group of Jewish immigrants and other recent attacks on foreigners.

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23 May 2000

Yahoo! Ordered To Pay Damages (AP)
A French judge ruled Monday that Yahoo! Inc. had broken French law and committed "an offense to the collective memory" of the country by conducting an online auction selling neo-Nazi objects in cyberspace. Judge Jean-Jaques Gomez ordered the California-based Internet portal to pay $1,390 each to the Union of Jewish Students and an anti-racism group. He also gave Yahoo two months to find a way to make the site inaccessible to France-based Internet users. Both sides were told to return to court July 24. voir aussi Ventes d'objets nazis: la loi française fait plier le géant Yahoo

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12 April 2000

French Anti-Racist Group Goes After Yahoo (AW Daily)
A French anti-racist group is taking Yahoo to court over items available at its auction site in the United States. The International League against Racism and Anti-Semitism (LICRA) announced it was seeking an injunction in a Paris court to force Yahoo to end sales of Nazi memorabilia in France.

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17 February 2000

Internet Racism Spurs Concern at UN (AP)
The United States could do more to curb the use of the Internet for racist material while upholding freedom of speech, experts said at a U.N. meeting.

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UN wollen gegen Rassismus im Internet kämpfen (dpa)
[UN expert proposes to prosecute American ISPs in Europe for carrying racist material] Das größte Hindernis bei der Bekämpfung rassistischer Web-Inhalte sei die großzügige amerikanische Interpretation der Meinungsfreiheit, stellte der Schweizer Jurist David Rosenthal in einem Bericht, der bei einem UN-Arbeitstreffen in Genf vorgestellt wurde, fest. Dadurch werde eine Strafverfolgung von Internet-Zugangsfirmen, die solche Inhalte duldeten, fast unmöglich. Rosenthal schlug vor, die Konzernchefs amerikanischer Internet- Provider vor europäischen Gerichten anzuklagen.

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21 December 1999

Racism: First annual report (European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia)
The 1998 Annual Report of the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia has been published in two parts. Part 1 is entitled "Giving Europe a soul" - setting up the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia. Part 2 is entitled "Looking reality in the face" - the situation regarding racism and xenophobia in the European Community.

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